Variations in chemical composition of birch foliage under air pollution stress and their consequences for Eriocrania miners.

Abstract

The relationships between chemical composition of birch foliage, individual performance and population density of both solitary and gregarious species of Eriocrania leafminers (Lepidoptera: Eriocraniidae) were studied in the vicinity of the Harjavalta copper-nickel smelter, southwestern Finland. The contents of heavy metals (Cu, Ni, Fe and Zn) in birch… (More)

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