Variation in Pharmacognostic Characters and Polyphenolic Contents among Four Species of Medicinal Plants from the Genus Spermacoce (Rubiaceae)

  title={Variation in Pharmacognostic Characters and Polyphenolic Contents among Four Species of Medicinal Plants from the Genus Spermacoce (Rubiaceae)},
  author={Gireesh M. Ankad and R T Konakeri and Harsha Vasudev Hegde and S. B. Roy},
  journal={Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences},
  pages={446 - 452}
Spermacoce hispida L. is one of the important medicinal plants used in traditional systems of medicine. It is observed that, several times it is difficult to differentiate the plant from the other allied species from the same genus, Spermacoce, especially, when they are in drug form. Therefore, the present study aims to document the differences in the pharmacognostic characters, preliminary phytochemical analysis and polyphenolic contents from the leaves of four species belonging to the genus… 
Pharmacognostic characterization , phytochemical and physicochemical evaluation of Sargassum wightii and Padina gymnospora , two brown seaweeds from Gujarat coast
Sargassum wightii belonging to the family Sargassaceae and Padina gymnospora belonging to the family Dictyotaceae are two brown seaweeds known for various biological activities like antibacterial,
Pharmacognostic Standardization, Phenolic and in Vitro Antioxidant Activity of Silene villosa (Family: Caryophyllaceae)
The methanol extract of S. villosa showed dose dependent antioxidant activity and enhances further exploration of the health benefits due to the presence of phenolic contents and antioxidant property.
Oroxylum indicum is a plant that is used as an important ingredient in Indian Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of many diseases. Proper identification of the drug to optimize its organizational
Pharmacognostical study of Desmodium caudatum.
The molecular pharmacognosy study was adopted in order to identify the samples more accurately and the study will be beneficial to the development of the quality standard and the identification of species.
Qualitative Analysis for Evaluation of Herbal Drugs
  • P. Mukherjee
  • Chemistry
    Quality Control and Evaluation of Herbal Drugs
  • 2019
Abstract Several aspects of detection of the physical and physicochemical characteristics of the herbal drugs due to the presence of different constituents present therein requires qualitative
An integrated analysis of metabolomic and transcriptomic profiles reveals flavonoid metabolic differences between Anoectochilus roxburghii and Anoectochilus formosanus
Both the metabolomic and transcriptomic analyses showed significant differences in flavonoid metabolism between the Ar and Af leaves, and the mechanisms underlying the molecular regulation of these differences were preliminarily analyzed.


Total polyphenolic contents and in vitro antioxidant properties of eight Sida species from Western Ghats, India
The high contents of phenolic compounds in the root extracts of selected Sida species have direct correlation with their antioxidant properties, and roots of S. cordifolia can be considered as the potential source of polyphenols and antioxidants.
Pharmacognostical profile of Spermacoce ocymoides (Burm. F) DC. - A Study on a Medicinal Botanical
The aim of the present study was designed to evaluate the pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical evaluation of the whole plant Spermacoce ocymoides (Burm F.) DC. The pharmacognostical
Preliminary phytochemical screening, pharmacognostic and physicochemical evalution of leaf of Gmelina arborea
Preliminary phytochemical screening, detailed pharmacognostic profile and physicochemical evaluation of leaf of Gmelina arborea revealed that the presence of anomocytic stomata and covering uni-multicellular trichome could be useful for correct identification and detection of adulterants of this plant material.
Comparative pharmacognostic studies on the barks of four Ficus species
A detailed comparative pharmacognostic evaluation of the 4 species of Ficus species has been carried out with the aim to establish the diagnostic keys of these important drugs based on the macroscopic, microscopic, and HPTLC profiles.
Pharmacognostical Investigation and Physicochemical Analysis of Celastrus paniculatus Willd. Leaves
The results of the study could be useful in setting some diagnostic indices for the identification and preparation of a monograph of the plant.
Antioxidant activities of phenolic, proanthocyanidin, and flavonoid components in extracts of Cassia fistula.
The antioxidant activities of reproductive parts were higher than those of the vegetative organs, with the pods having highest total phenolic, proanthocyanidin, and flavonoid contents and antioxidant potentials.
Phenolic Contents and Antioxidant Properties from Aerial Parts of Achyranthes coynei Sant
This is first report of total phenolic content and antioxidant studies in A. coynei, an endemic plant used in treatment of several diseases in the same lines that of Achyranthes aspera by traditional practitioners of Belgaum region.
Chemical constituents from two weed species of Spermacoce (Rubiaceae)
The structures of the isolated compounds were determined by using spectroscopic methods such as IR, MS, 1H N MR, 13C NMR, 2D-NMR and by comparison with the data reported previously.
Phytochemical Investigation of Ethnomedicinal Spermacoce ocymoides Roots
The roots of S. ocymoides were exhaustively extracted with versatile solvents to get crude extracts, and were subjected to phytochemical analysis, UV and GCMS spectral data. The steroids and reducing
The chemical entities of this plant have been used as an antidiabetic, anti- hypertensive, hepatoprotective, anti - infl ammatory, antihyperlipidaemic, analgesic, antifungal, anticancer and antioxidant properties.