Variation in Early Developmental Course in Autism and its Relation with Behavioral Outcome at 3–4 Years of Age

@article{Werner2005VariationIE,
  title={Variation in Early Developmental Course in Autism 
and its Relation with Behavioral Outcome at 3–4 Years of Age},
  author={Emily Werner and Geraldine Dawson and Jeff Munson and Julie Osterling},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  year={2005},
  volume={35},
  pages={337-350}
}
The aims of the present study were to describe variations in the early course of development in autism by utilizing an in-depth parent interview that incorporated techniques to improve accuracy of parent recall, and to examine the relation between variations in early developmental course in autism and behavioral outcome at 3–4 years of age. The Early Development Interview, which consisted of questions about child’s behavior in several domains from birth through 2 years of age, was created and… Expand
Social and communication development in toddlers with early and later diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders.
TLDR
Examination of growth trajectories suggests that autism may involve developmental arrest, slowing, or even regression, and provides insight into different patterns of development of children with early vs later diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders. Expand
Regression in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
TLDR
Autism with regression is not characterized by a distinctive developmental or symptom profile, and developmental regression may, however, be an early and reliable marker in a significant number of children with autism. Expand
Developmental trajectories in children with and without autism spectrum disorders: the first 3 years.
TLDR
This prospective, longitudinal study examined social, language, and motor trajectories in 235 children with and without a sibling with autism, ages 6-36 months, finding a preclinical phase of varying duration for ASD. Expand
Early Identification of Autism: Early Characteristics, Onset of Symptoms, and Diagnostic Stability
TLDR
Current knowledge of the early signs of ASD in the infancy period and the manifestation of symptoms in toddlerhood are reviewed, noting the importance of considering the variability in onset and trajectory of ASD. Expand
Stability and Change in Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder Over Time Among Toddlers
TLDR
The present study supports that a reliable diagnosis of autism can be made in children which would stand over time provided that expert clinicians are available, but continued work is needed for the development of reliable and valid diagnostic tools. Expand
Characteristics, Early Development and Outcome of Parent-Reported Regression in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
TLDR
During early development, children with regression showed a similar amount of social atypicalities and stereotyped behaviour as compared to children without regression, but parents indicated less communication skills which could be a valuable predictor of regression. Expand
Parental Recognition of Developmental Problems in Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorders
TLDR
Results suggest significant differences between autism and PDD-NOS in the AOR and type of first concerns and later AOR was associated with poorer social-communicative and nonverbal cognitive functioning at 2 and 4. Expand
Onset Patterns Prior to 36 Months in Autism Spectrum Disorders
TLDR
Investigating differences among children with three different patterns of autism symptom onset indicated that children with regression had a distinct developmental pattern marked by less delayed early development, however, following regression, these children evinced elevated autism symptom scores and an increased risk for poorer outcomes when compared with the other onset groups. Expand
Developmental regression among children with autism spectrum disorder: Onset, duration, and effects on functional outcomes
Abstract Studies using varied methods report that developmental regression occurs in a sizeable proportion of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Findings are equivocal as to whetherExpand
Patterns of skill attainment and loss in young children with autism
TLDR
The findings indicated that children with AUT, PDD-NOS, and developmental delays diverged from typically developing children in attainment of sociocommunicative skills early in the first year of life. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
Factors relating to age of onset in autism
TLDR
The findings support the treatment of age of onset of autism by DSM-III-R (American Psychiatric Association, 1987) and the families reporting early onset tended to seek help sooner and to be seen by TEACCH sooner. Expand
Early recognition of 1-year-old infants with autism spectrum disorder versus mental retardation
TLDR
Results indicated that 1-year-olds with autism spectrum disorder can be distinguished from 1- year- olds with typical development and those with mental retardation. Expand
Follow-up of two-year-olds referred for possible autism.
  • C. Lord
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1995
TLDR
Several patterns contributed to the increasing differentiation of children with autism from age 2 to 3, including the development of clearly recognizable, repetitive behaviors in the autistic children and significant improvements in basic social skills in the children judged not to be autistic. Expand
Developmental Regression in Autism: Maternal Perception
TLDR
Developmental regression in the population appears to be a typical event in the natural course of autism, with little difference between those children who regressed and those who did not regress in maternal perceptions and reports of development, family, and medical history. Expand
Age of symptom onset in young children with pervasive developmental disorders.
  • S. Rogers, D. Dilalla
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 1990
TLDR
Language functions, rather than the social behaviors examined, carried the greatest predictive power regarding short-term outcomes in children with autism or other pervasive developmental disorders. Expand
Autism During Infancy: A Retrospective Video Analysis of Sensory-Motor and Social Behaviors at 9–12 Months of Age
  • G. Baranek
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 1999
TLDR
The findings indicate that subtle symptoms of autism are present at 9–12 months, and suggest that early assessment procedures need to consider sensory processing/sensory-motor functions in addition to social responses during infancy. Expand
Brief Report: Recognition of Autism Spectrum Disorder Before One Year of Age: A Retrospective Study Based on Home Videotapes
TLDR
Infants with autistic spectrum disorder less than 1 year of age were found to have poor visual attention, require more prompts to respond to their name, excessively mouth objects, and more frequently show aversion to social touch. Expand
Case Study of the Development of an Infant with Autism from Birth to Two Years of Age.
TLDR
A case study of the development of an infant with autism who was observed closely by professionals from birth and to whom a comprehensive psychological evaluation was administered at approximately 1 and 2 years of age offers clues regarding the nature of autism at its earliest stages. Expand
Age and type of onset as critical variables in early infantile autism
TLDR
A retrospective study of 131 autistic children was made in which 2 groups, Natal and Acquired, were defined on the bases of age at onset and type of onset, and an inability to cope with stress is postulated as an underlying feature in both instances. Expand
The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—Generic: A Standard Measure of Social and Communication Deficits Associated with the Spectrum of Autism
TLDR
Algorithm sensitivities and specificities for autism and PD DNOS relative to nonspectrum disorders were excellent, with moderate differentiation of autism from PDDNOS. Expand
...
1
2
3
...