Variation in, and Causes of, Toxicity of Cigarette Butts to a Cladoceran and Microtox

@article{Micevska2006VariationIA,
  title={Variation in, and Causes of, Toxicity of Cigarette Butts to a Cladoceran and Microtox},
  author={Tina Micevska and Michael St J. Warne and Fleurdelis Pablo and Ronald Patra},
  journal={Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology},
  year={2006},
  volume={50},
  pages={205-212}
}
  • T. MicevskaM. Warne R. Patra
  • Published 1 February 2006
  • Environmental Science
  • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Cigarette butts are the most numerically frequent form of litter in the world. In Australia alone, 24–32 billion cigarette butts are littered annually. Despite this littering, few studies have been undertaken to explore the toxicity of cigarette butts in aquatic ecosystems. The acute toxicity of 19 filtered cigarette types to Ceriodaphnia cf. dubia (48-hr EC50 (immobilization)) and Vibrio fischeri (30-min EC50 (bioluminescence)) was determined using leachates from artificially smoked cigarette… 

Cigarette butt effects on diatom health in a stream ecosystem

Cigarette butts are a prevalent form of litter containing numerous toxic chemicals. Because cigarette butts are frequently deposited on the ground and carried into water bodies, greater understanding

Impact of cigarette butt leachate on tidepool snails.

TOXICITY OF CIGARETTE BUTTS AND THEIR CHEMICAL COMPONENTS TO THE MARINE AND FRESHWATER FISHES, ATHERINOPS AFFINIS AND PIMEPHALES PROMELAS

Toxicity of cigarette butt leachate was found to increase with smoking the cigarette, and again with leaving remnant burnt tobacco intact, and the marine topsmelt was finding to be more sensitive to most cigarette buttLeachates than was the freshwater fathead minnow.

Developmental toxicity of cigarette butts - An underdeveloped issue.

Use of Sediqualsoft® to Determine the Toxicity of Cigarette Butts to Marine Species: A Weather Simulation Test

Echinoderms and the body size reduction in normo-formed (72 h) plutei were shown to be the more sensitive organism and endpoint, respectively, and the use of Sediqualsoft® software for risk assessment studies of sediments contaminated with contaminants of various types is recommended.

Impact of cigarette butts on bacterial community structure in soil

It is suggested that biodesgradable and non-biodegradable cigarette butts can significantly affect bacterial communities in soil as a result of the leaching of significant quantities of certain elements into the surrounding soils.
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