Variation in, and Causes of, Toxicity of Cigarette Butts to a Cladoceran and Microtox

@article{Micevska2006VariationIA,
  title={Variation in, and Causes of, Toxicity of Cigarette Butts to a Cladoceran and Microtox},
  author={Tina Micevska and Michael St J. Warne and Fleurdelis Pablo and Ronald Patra},
  journal={Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology},
  year={2006},
  volume={50},
  pages={205-212}
}
  • T. Micevska, M. Warne, R. Patra
  • Published 1 February 2006
  • Environmental Science
  • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Cigarette butts are the most numerically frequent form of litter in the world. In Australia alone, 24–32 billion cigarette butts are littered annually. Despite this littering, few studies have been undertaken to explore the toxicity of cigarette butts in aquatic ecosystems. The acute toxicity of 19 filtered cigarette types to Ceriodaphnia cf. dubia (48-hr EC50 (immobilization)) and Vibrio fischeri (30-min EC50 (bioluminescence)) was determined using leachates from artificially smoked cigarette… 

Cigarette butt effects on diatom health in a stream ecosystem

Cigarette butts are a prevalent form of litter containing numerous toxic chemicals. Because cigarette butts are frequently deposited on the ground and carried into water bodies, greater understanding

Impact of cigarette butt leachate on tidepool snails.

TOXICITY OF CIGARETTE BUTTS AND THEIR CHEMICAL COMPONENTS TO THE MARINE AND FRESHWATER FISHES, ATHERINOPS AFFINIS AND PIMEPHALES PROMELAS

TLDR
Toxicity of cigarette butt leachate was found to increase with smoking the cigarette, and again with leaving remnant burnt tobacco intact, and the marine topsmelt was finding to be more sensitive to most cigarette buttLeachates than was the freshwater fathead minnow.

Developmental toxicity of cigarette butts - An underdeveloped issue.

Use of Sediqualsoft® to Determine the Toxicity of Cigarette Butts to Marine Species: A Weather Simulation Test

TLDR
Echinoderms and the body size reduction in normo-formed (72 h) plutei were shown to be the more sensitive organism and endpoint, respectively, and the use of Sediqualsoft® software for risk assessment studies of sediments contaminated with contaminants of various types is recommended.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 12 REFERENCES

TOXICITY OF, AND DEVELOPMENT OF PREDICTIVE MODELS FOR, SUBSTITUTED PHENOLS TO CERIODAPHNIA CF. DUBIA AND VIBRIO FISCHERI

TLDR
These QAARs provide an easy, cost-effective means of estimating toxicity val ues for polar narcotic chemicals to C. dubia and the marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri and reveal that the absolute percentage difference between experimentally derived EC50 values a nd those predicted by these QA ARs were between 13 and 120%.

Use of Australian cladocerans to generate life-cycle toxicity data

TLDR
The greatest number of young, the highest survival rate and the shortest time to produce three broods were achieved in filtered Sydney mains water, aged in the presence of fish, using blended trout pellets and alfalfa as food.

Interspecies relationships in acute toxicity of chemicals to aquatic organisms

TLDR
The acute sensitivities of several species of aquatic organisms to chemicals categorized as nonpesticide organics, pesticides and metals were correlated using polynomial regression analyses, and the mode of toxicity of metals seems to be the same among species, although the degree of toxicity may differ.

TOXICITY OF NICOTINE TO AQUATIC LIFE

TLDR
Theoxicity of nicotine to freshwater fimes, insects and plankters; the influence of turbidity, sodium oarbonate and lim:'l on the toxicity of nicotine; the residual toxicity of Nicotine in water; and the histopathological effects of nicotine on fish are described.

Consumption and production waste: another externality of tobacco use

TLDR
The waste produced by and environmental implications of individual cigarette consumption (filter tips, packages, and cartons) and tobacco manufacturing are described and laws against littering relative to cigarette butts could be better enforced.

The changing cigarette.

TLDR
The product changes, the smokers' dependence on nicotine which governs their smoking patterns, and the modified smoke chemistry support the hypothesis that differences in PAH and TSNA exposure may be linked to the observed different incidences of squamous cell cancer and adenocarcinoma of the lung.

The changing cigarette, 1950-1995.

TLDR
From a public health perspective, nicotine in the smoke needs to be lowered to a level at which there is no induction of dependence on tobacco, and further needs for reducing the toxicity and carcinogenicity of cigarette smoke are discussed.

The Cigarette Papers

Stanton A Glantz, John Slade, Lisa A Bero, Peter Hanauer, Deborah E Barnes University of California Press, £24, pp 539 ISBN 0 520 20572 3 Many years ago I came into possession of 50 pages of minutes