Variation in, and Causes of, Toxicity of Cigarette Butts to a Cladoceran and Microtox

@article{Micevska2006VariationIA,
  title={Variation in, and Causes of, Toxicity of Cigarette Butts to a Cladoceran and Microtox},
  author={T. Micevska and M. Warne and F. Pablo and R. Patra},
  journal={Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology},
  year={2006},
  volume={50},
  pages={205-212}
}
Cigarette butts are the most numerically frequent form of litter in the world. In Australia alone, 24–32 billion cigarette butts are littered annually. Despite this littering, few studies have been undertaken to explore the toxicity of cigarette butts in aquatic ecosystems. The acute toxicity of 19 filtered cigarette types to Ceriodaphnia cf. dubia (48-hr EC50 (immobilization)) and Vibrio fischeri (30-min EC50 (bioluminescence)) was determined using leachates from artificially smoked cigarette… Expand
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