Variable neighborhood search: Principles and applications


Systematic change of neighborhood within a possibly randomized local search algorithm yields a simple and e€ective metaheuristic for combinatorial and global optimization, called variable neighborhood search (VNS). We present a basic scheme for this purpose, which can easily be implemented using any local search algorithm as a subroutine. Its e€ectiveness… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/S0377-2217(00)00100-4


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