Variability of force magnitude and force duration in manual and instrument-based manipulation techniques.

  title={Variability of force magnitude and force duration in manual and instrument-based manipulation techniques.},
  author={Greg Kawchuk and Narasimha G. N. Prasad and Randall C McLeod and Tasha R Liddle and Tianye Li and Qiaohao Zhu},
  journal={Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics},
  volume={29 8},
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to compare the variation of manipulative forces produced by instruments and a manual technique. METHODS Four operators (2 experts and 2 novices) used 4 different mechanical instruments to apply force to a uniaxial load cell. A different group of 2 expert and 2 novice operators used a traditional manual technique to apply force to a sensor mat. Two primary outcome variables were obtained from each sensor system: peak-to-peak force magnitude (N) and peak-to… CONTINUE READING
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