Variability of Criteria Used to Diagnose Myofascial Trigger Point Pain Syndrome—Evidence From a Review of the Literature

  title={Variability of Criteria Used to Diagnose Myofascial Trigger Point Pain Syndrome—Evidence From a Review of the Literature},
  author={Elizabeth A Tough and Adrian White and Suzanne H. Richards and John L Campbell},
  journal={The Clinical Journal of Pain},
ObjectivesThe aim of the literature review was to investigate the criteria adopted by “experts” to diagnose myofascial trigger point (MTrP) pain syndrome. Experts were defined as being either researchers investigating MTrP pain syndrome or the “authority” the researchers cited as a source of reference for MTrP pain syndrome diagnosis. MethodsWe searched electronic databases to identify relevant empirical research (excluding studies not in English and those relating to dental pathology). Of 607… 

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The occurrence and inter-rater reliability of myofascial trigger points in the quadratus lumborum and gluteus medius: a prospective study in non-specific low back pain patients and controls in general practice.

The clinical usefulness of trigger points is increased when localized tenderness and the presence of either jump sign or patient's recognition of his pain complaint are used as criteria for the presenceOf trigger points in the M. quadratus lumborum and gluteus medius muscle.

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[Myofascial pain syndrome].