Vapor pressure and volatility of β-asarone, the main ingredient of an indigenous stored-product insecticide,Acorus calamus oil

@article{Streloke2008VaporPA,
  title={Vapor pressure and volatility of $\beta$-asarone, the main ingredient of an indigenous stored-product insecticide,Acorus calamus oil},
  author={Martin Streloke and K. R. Simon Ascher and Gerhard H. Schmidt and Wolfgang Neumann},
  journal={Phytoparasitica},
  year={2008},
  volume={17},
  pages={299-313}
}
The effect ofAcorus calamus products on insects is reviewed briefly. A sudden, dramatic drop occurs in the insecticidal, gaseous phase activity of calamus oil on stored-product pests, when the exposure temperature is lowered from 30° to 25°C. In an attempt to explain this finding, the vapor pressure of the main constituent of IndianAcorus calamus essential oil, β-asarone, was determined by three methods: (i) extrapolation with a gas-chromatographic method according to Jensen and Schall; (ii… 

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS OF MEDICINAL VALUES FROM NEPALESE Acorus calamus L.

The volatile organic compounds (VOC’s) of rhizomes of Nepalese Acorus calamus L were isolated by simultaneous distillation–extraction (SDE) technique and then analyzed by gas chromatography–mass

IMPORTANCE AND IMPLEMENTATION OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF PAKISTANIAN ACORUS CALAMUS LINN., AS A BIOPESTICIDE

The essential oil of A. calamus was tested against dengue fever virus vector mosquito Ae.

Effects of Sweet Flag Extracts (Acorus calamus L.) on Toxicity and the Levels of Esterase and Glutathione-S-transferase on the Brown Dog Tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille))

Evaluated the efficiency of sweet flag (Acorus calamus L.) rhizomes that have been proved to repel and give mortality to some insects to see if it can be used as insecticide alternative to home pet.

Acaricidal activity of extract of Artemisia absinthium against Rhipicephalus sanguineus of dogs

The objective of the study was to evaluate the in vitro efficacy of different concentrations of chloroform extract obtained from the aerial parts of Artemisia absinthium in comparison to amitraz on

Bioactivity and structure–activity relationship of natural methoxylated phenylpropenes and their derivatives against Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

It was showed that phenylpropenes appear to be promising natural insecticides and may hold potential for identification of new lead structures against A. craccivora, and the activity of the most active phenylpropene was comparable with that of the chemical pesticide.

In vitro and in vivo efficacy of Acorus calamus extract against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus

The extract prepared from rhizome of Acorus calamus proved highly efficacious and 100% final mortality within 14 DPT was recorded and the LC85 value of the extract was determined as 11.26.

Fumigant Toxicity of Oriental Sweetgum (Liquidambar orientalis) and Valerian (Valeriana wallichii) Essential Oils and Their Components, Including Their Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitory Activity, against Japanese Termites (Reticulitermes speratus)

  • I. Park
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    Molecules
  • 2014
Hydrocinnamyl alcohol and trans-cinnamymyl alcohol were found to be the major contributors to the fumigant antitermitic toxicity of oriental sweetgum oil.

Anticonvulsant activity of ethanolic extract of Acorus calamus rhizome in swiss albino mice

Findings show that EEACR in a dose of 250 mg/kg and 500mg/kg can be effective in generalized tonic-clonic convulsions but not in petit mal epilepsy.

CHROMATOGRAPHIC ANALYSE oF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN ESSENTIAL OIL oF ACORUS CALAMUS L. RHIZOME

: Rhizomes of sweet flag ( Acorus calamus L.) were collected from Astrakhan state, Russia to define the volatile organic compounds in their essential oil. Rhizomes were washed, dried and subjected to

Biological screening of selected traditional medicinal plants species utilized by local people of Manokwari, West Papua Province

Results of biological screening suggested that all but one of the 56 species tested contained different levels of alkaloids, and Extract of Planconella sp.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES

Identification of host plant attractants for the carrot fly,Psila rosae

Through the selectivity and sensitivity of its response to foliar volatiles, the carrot fly may achieve host-plant orientation and also at close range, in union with itsresponse to less volatile leaf surface components, selection of an oviposition site.

Antifeedant and growth inhibitory effects of calamus oil and neem oil onSpodoptera litura under laboratory conditions

Calamus oil at the 0.5% and 1.0% concentrations was effective in both tests in inducing significant feeding deterrence and growth inhibition in early 3rd instar larvae, and neem oil had such an effect only at 2%, particularly in no-choice tests.

A MODIFIED TEST METHOD FOR MEASURING RESISTANCE TO DICHLORVOS VAPOUR.

A modification of this test for possible resistance to dichlorvos vapour by mosquitos and other insects with more compact equipment is described, giving satisfactory results with three kinds of mosquito, the housefly and a blowfly.

Zur Klassifizierung handelsüblicher Kalmusdrogen

Acorus calamus L. yields different races depending upon the number of chromosomes in the plant cells and consequently different drug types with varying content of beta-asarone, which is possible using quantitative direct evaluation of thin-layer chromatograms on alumina layers with an efficient separation of the asarone.

Efficiency of oils from medicinal plants as protectants of green gram against the pulse beetle.

Prolonged protection of green gram seeds was mainly due to reduced oviposition, low hatching and high adult mortality, and Germination of the treated seeds with effective doses was not impaired to any significant extent.

A new insect chemosterilant isolated from Acorus calamus L.

The identification of the component of the oil that is responsible for inhibition of interstitial cell activity is reported, and the importance of substitute groups and a side chain by testing various allyl benzene analogues is established.

Insecticidal potential and biological activity of Indian indigenous plants against Musca domestica L.

In tests in India, plant material thought to have insecticidal properties was obtained locally near Mysore and when powdered was incorporated at 15 or 30% (w/w) into a standardised culture medium on which eggs of Musca domestica L. were seeded, those larvae that hatched failing to complete their development.

Pulicidal Activity of Some Indigenous Plants

It was observed that extracts of plants Acorus calamus, Allium sativum, Anona Squamosa, Brassica nigra, Croton tiglium, Ocimum sanctum, Piper nigrum possessed pulicidal activity.