Vanessa cardui adipokinetic hormone (Vanca-AKH) in butterflies and a moth.

  title={Vanessa cardui adipokinetic hormone (Vanca-AKH) in butterflies and a moth.},
  author={Gabriele V K{\"o}llisch and P. D. E. M. Verhaert and Klaus H. Hoffmann},
  journal={Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology},
  volume={135 2},
Small neuropeptides of the adipokinetic hormone/red pigment-concentrating hormone (AKH/RPCH) family regulate energy metabolism in insects. Within lepidopterans, the nonapeptide Manduca sexta AKH (Manse-AKH) represents a widely occurring AKH, whereas the decapeptide Helze-HrTH (at first isolated from Heliothis zea) seems to be restricted to moths. Here we show that Vanca-AKH, a non-amidated undecapeptide which we recently found in the painted lady butterfly, Vanessa cardui, is also present in… CONTINUE READING