Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries: Potentials and Challenges of an Emerging Storage Technology

  title={Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries: Potentials and Challenges of an Emerging Storage Technology},
  author={Massimo Guarnieri and Paolo Mattavelli and Giovanni Petrone and Giovanni Spagnuolo},
  journal={IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine},
Vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) systems complemented with dedicated power electronic interfaces are a promising technology for storing energy in smart-grid applications in which the intermittent power produced by renewable sources must face the dynamics of requests and economical parameters. In this article, we review the vanadium-based technology for redox flow batteries (RFBs) and highlight its strengths and weaknesses, outlining the research that aims to make it a commercial success. 

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