Value and need as organizing factors in perception.

  title={Value and need as organizing factors in perception.},
  author={J{\'e}r{\^o}me Seymour Bruner and Caroline C Goodman},
  journal={Journal of abnormal psychology},
  volume={42 1},
Throughout the history of modern psychology, until very recent times, perception has been treated as though the perceiver were a passive recording instrument of rather complex design. One might, in most experiments, describe him in much the same graphical terms as one uses to describe the latest piece of recording apparatus obtainable from Stoelting or the American Optical Company. Such psychology, practiced as it were in vitro, has fallen short of clarifying the nature of perception in… 

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