Valorization of Biomass: Deriving More Value from Waste

@article{Tuck2012ValorizationOB,
  title={Valorization of Biomass: Deriving More Value from Waste},
  author={Christopher O. Tuck and Eduardo P{\'e}rez and Istv{\'a}n T. Horv{\'a}th and Roger Arthur Sheldon and Martyn Poliakoff},
  journal={Science},
  year={2012},
  volume={337},
  pages={695 - 699}
}
Most of the carbon-based compounds currently manufactured by the chemical industry are derived from petroleum. The rising cost and dwindling supply of oil have been focusing attention on possible routes to making chemicals, fuels, and solvents from biomass instead. In this context, many recent studies have assessed the relative merits of applying different dedicated crops to chemical production. Here, we highlight the opportunities for diverting existing residual biomass—the by-products of… 
Current and future trends in food waste valorization for the production of chemicals, materials and fuels: a global perspective
Food waste is currently generated in significant quantities worldwide. While most of this has generally few uses different from landfilling or composting, advanced valorization alternatives should be
Valorization of Residues From Beverage Production
Industrial Food Waste Valorization: A General Overview
The decline of fossil fuels, caused by several factors as overpopulation, the threat of global warming, and the scarcity of fossil resources require the development of sustainable and innovative
Valorization of Marine Waste: Use of Industrial By-Products and Beach Wrack Towards the Production of High Added-Value Products
Biomass is defined as organic matter from living organisms represented in all kingdoms. It is recognized to be an excellent source of proteins, polysaccharides and lipids and, as such, embodies a
The Road to Biorenewables: Carbohydrates to Commodity Chemicals
The pressing need for climate change mitigation has focused attention on reducing global emissions of carbon dioxide by effectuating the transition from fossil-based chemicals manufacture to a carbon
Controlled defunctionalisation of biobased organic acids.
TLDR
This feature article intends to highlight the recent progress in heterogeneous chemocatalytic defunctionalisation of the widely available citric and amino acids, focusing on the different chemical routes available and identifying the most promising defunctionsalisation strategies based on atom economy and functionality index.
Synthesis and utilisation of sugar compounds derived from lignocellulosic biomass
Lignocellulose is the most abundant non-food biomass and is used as a feedstock for the production of chemicals. Lignocellulose consists of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, in which the sugar
Bio(chemo)technological strategies for biomass conversion into bioethanol and key carboxylic acids
Biomass conversion into valuable compounds including fuels, chemicals and materials has become the subject of a wide range of studies in recent years. In spite of the several reports available on
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
Bio-Ethanol Based Ethylene
The use of bioethanol-based ethylene as raw material for chemical products, especially to produce polyethylene and other polymers, is being considered an effective way to capture carbon dioxide from
Opportunities in the industrial biobased products industry
TLDR
Recent biotechnology efforts to develop new industrial bioproducts and improve renewable feedstocks and key market opportunities are reviewed.
Production of dimethylfuran for liquid fuels from biomass-derived carbohydrates
TLDR
This catalytic strategy for the production of 2,5-dimethylfuran from fructose (a carbohydrate obtained directly from biomass or by the isomerization of glucose) for use as a liquid transportation fuel may diminish the authors' reliance on petroleum.
Assessment of technological options and economical feasibility for cyanophycin biopolymer and high-value amino acid production
TLDR
The economic and technological feasibility for cyanophycin production by fermentation of the potato waste stream Protamylasse™ or directly in plants and its subsequent conversion to a number of N-containing bulk chemicals is described.
The biofuel potential of municipal solid waste
The world in the 21st century is facing a dual crisis of increasing waste and global climate change. Substituting fossil fuels with waste biomass‐derived cellulosic ethanol is a promising strategy to
Bio-refinery as the bio-inspired process to bulk chemicals.
This paper describes several examples of knowledge-intensive technologies for the production of chemicals from biomass, which take advantage of the biomass structure in a more efficient way than the
One-pot catalytic conversion of cellulose and of woody biomass solids to liquid fuels.
Efficient methodologies for converting biomass solids to liquid fuels have the potential to reduce dependence on imported petroleum while easing the atmospheric carbon dioxide burden. Here, we report
Conversion of biomass to selected chemical products.
TLDR
This critical review provides a survey illustrated by recent references of different strategies to achieve a sustainable conversion of biomass to bioproducts to examine critically the green character of conversion processes.
...
...