Valley-contrasting physics in graphene: magnetic moment and topological transport.

@article{Xiao2007ValleycontrastingPI,
  title={Valley-contrasting physics in graphene: magnetic moment and topological transport.},
  author={Di Xiao and Wang Yao and Qian Niu},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2007},
  volume={99 23},
  pages={236809}
}
We investigate physical properties that can be used to distinguish the valley degree of freedom in systems where inversion symmetry is broken, using graphene systems as examples. We show that the pseudospin associated with the valley index of carriers has an intrinsic magnetic moment, in close analogy with the Bohr magneton for the electron spin. There is also a valley dependent Berry phase effect that can result in a valley contrasting Hall transport, with carriers in different valleys turning… CONTINUE READING

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