Validity of the Executive Function Theory of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Meta-Analytic Review

@article{Willcutt2005ValidityOT,
  title={Validity of the Executive Function Theory of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Meta-Analytic Review},
  author={Erik G Willcutt and Alysa E. Doyle and Joel T. Nigg and Stephen V. Faraone and Bruce F. Pennington},
  journal={Biological Psychiatry},
  year={2005},
  volume={57},
  pages={1336-1346}
}
One of the most prominent neuropsychologic theories of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suggests that its symptoms arise from a primary deficit in executive functions (EF), defined as neurocognitive processes that maintain an appropriate problem-solving set to attain a later goal. To examine the validity of the EF theory, we conducted a meta-analysis of 83 studies that administered EF measures to groups with ADHD (total N = 3734) and without ADHD (N = 2969). Groups with ADHD… Expand
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