Validation of the nicotine dependence syndrome scale (NDSS): a criterion-group design contrasting chippers and regular smokers.

Abstract

The nicotine dependence syndrome scale (NDSS) is a new multi-dimensional measure of nicotine dependence, yielding five scores for different aspects of dependence as well as a total score. In this study, we tested the NDSS in a young adult sample (mean age=24), using an extreme-groups comparison between non-dependent smokers (chippers, n=123) and regular… (More)

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