Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.

@article{McCrae1987ValidationOT,
  title={Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.},
  author={Robert R. McCrae and Paul T. Costa},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1987},
  volume={52 1},
  pages={
          81-90
        }
}
  • R. McCraeP. Costa
  • Published 1987
  • Psychology
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
Two data sources--self-reports and peer ratings--and two instruments--adjective factors and questionnaire scales--were used to assess the five-factor model of personality. As in a previous study of self-reports (McCrae & Costa, 1985b), adjective factors of neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness-antagonism, and conscientiousness-undirectedness were identified in an analysis of 738 peer ratings of 275 adult subjects. Intraclass correlations among raters, ranging from .30… 

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