Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.

  title={Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.},
  author={Robert R. McCrae and Paul T. Costa},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={52 1},
  • R. McCraeP. Costa
  • Published 1987
  • Psychology
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
Two data sources--self-reports and peer ratings--and two instruments--adjective factors and questionnaire scales--were used to assess the five-factor model of personality. As in a previous study of self-reports (McCrae & Costa, 1985b), adjective factors of neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness-antagonism, and conscientiousness-undirectedness were identified in an analysis of 738 peer ratings of 275 adult subjects. Intraclass correlations among raters, ranging from .30… 

Self- and Observer Ratings on the NEO-FFI in Couples: Initial Evidence of the Psychometric Properties of an Observer Form

There is consensus across analyses that points to a substantial amount of concordance between partners' self- and observer ratings, which provides preliminary evidence of the measurement utility of the NEO-FFI Observer form.

The convergent validity between self- and peer-ratings of the Dark Triad personality

Researchers examining the accuracy of observers ratings of others are devoting increased attention to peer-reported personality traits. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to investigate

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Analysis of orthogonalized FFPI factors showed that three of them— emotional stability, extraversion, and agreeableness—showed a direct correspondence to their NEO-PI-R counterparts, and facet analysis suggested that it might be interpreted as a dominance factor.

Observer-Rated Alexithymia and its Relationship with the Five-Factor-Model of Personality

The findings show that on the basis of interviews there is no evidence for a relation of DIF with neuroticism, while associations of alexithymia with low openness to experience and low agreeableness emerged irrespective of assessment approach.

A psychometric evaluation of the new NEO-PIR facet scales for agreeableness and conscientiousness.

A psychometric evaluation of the new revision of the NEO-PI (NEO-PIR) now includes facet scales for Agreeableness and Conscientiousness using a sample of working adults and relying on both self-report and observer ratings provides strong support for the reliability and construct validity of these new scales.


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Longitudinal stability of personality traits: a multitrait-multimethod-multioccasion analysis.

  • J. Conley
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1985
The data of this longitudinal study carried out over five decades strongly indicate that there is a set of personality traits that are generalizable across methods of assessment and are stable throughout adulthood.


The results indicate that convergent factor patterns and substantial convergence and discriminant validities among factor score estimates are obtainable when sufficient care is taken in the design and development of measure variables.

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Two studies of coping among community-dwelling adults (N= 255,151) were used to examine the influence of personality on coping responses, the perceived effectiveness of coping mechanisms, and the

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To determine the higher order factors defined by scales of the Interpersonal Style Inventory (ISI), data from two male samples and from one female sample were separately analyzed and found five rotated factors established were highly similar across samples.

On seeing ourselves as others see us: Self–other agreement and discrepancy in personality ratings.

Subjects' descriptions of their own personalities were found to correlate quite well with descriptions contributed by their peers, especially on traits high in social desirability. As would be