Validation of parental reports of asthma trajectory, burden, and risk by using the pediatric asthma control and communication instrument.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Despite a growing interest, few pediatric asthma questionnaires assess multiple dimensions of asthma morbidity, as recommended by national asthma guidelines, or use patient-reported outcomes. OBJECTIVE To evaluate a questionnaire that measures multiple dimensions of parent-reported asthma morbidity (Direction, Bother, and Risk). METHODS We administered the Pediatric Asthma Control and Communication Instrument (PACCI) and assessed asthma control (PACCI Control), quality of life, and lung function among children who presented for routine asthma care. The PACCI was evaluated for discriminative validity. RESULTS A total of 317 children participated (mean age, 8.2 years; 58% boys; 44% African American). As parent-reported PACCI Direction changed from "better" to "worse," we observed poorer asthma control (P < .001), mean Pediatric Asthma Caregiver Quality of Life Questionnaire (PACQLQ) scores (P < .001), and FEV1% (P = .025). Linear regression showed that, for each change in PACCI Direction, the mean PACQLQ score decreased by -0.6 (95% CI, -0.8 to -0.4). As parent-reported PACCI Bother changed from "not bothered" to "very bothered," we observed poorer asthma control (P < .001) and lower mean PACQLQ scores (P < .001). Linear regression showed that, for each change in PACCI Bother category, the mean PACQLQ score decreased by -1.1 (95% CI, -1.3 to -0.9). Any reported PACCI Risk event (emergency department visit, hospitalization, or use of an oral corticosteroid) was associated with poorer asthma control (P < .05) and PACQLQ scores (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS PACCI Direction, Bother, and Risk are valid measures of parent-reported outcomes and show good discriminative validity. The PACCI is a simple clinical tool to assess multiple dimensions of parent-reported asthma morbidity, in addition to risk and control.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jaip.2013.10.005

Cite this paper

@article{Okelo2014ValidationOP, title={Validation of parental reports of asthma trajectory, burden, and risk by using the pediatric asthma control and communication instrument.}, author={Sande O. Okelo and Michelle N Eakin and Kristin A Riekert and Alvin P Teodoro and Andrew L Bilderback and Darcy A. Thompson and Antonio Loiaza-Martinez and Cynthia Rand and Shannon M. Thyne and Gregory B. Diette and Cecilia Maria Patino}, journal={The journal of allergy and clinical immunology. In practice}, year={2014}, volume={2 2}, pages={186-92} }