Validation of a Finite Element Model of the Young Normal Lower Cervical Spine

Abstract

A Finite Element Model (FEM) of the young adult human cervical spine has been developed as a first step in studying the process of spondylotic degeneration. The model was developed using normal geometry and material properties for the lower cervical spine. The model used a three-zone composite disc annulus to reflect the different material properties of the… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s10439-008-9534-8

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