Validation of a Finite Element Model of the Young Normal Lower Cervical Spine

@article{Wheeldon2008ValidationOA,
  title={Validation of a Finite Element Model of the Young Normal Lower Cervical Spine},
  author={John A Wheeldon and Brian D. Stemper and Narayan Yoganandan and Frank A. Pintar},
  journal={Annals of Biomedical Engineering},
  year={2008},
  volume={36},
  pages={1458-1469}
}
A Finite Element Model (FEM) of the young adult human cervical spine has been developed as a first step in studying the process of spondylotic degeneration. The model was developed using normal geometry and material properties for the lower cervical spine. The model used a three-zone composite disc annulus to reflect the different material properties of the anterior, posterior, and lateral regions of the annulus. Nonlinear ligaments were implemented with a toe region to help the model achieve… CONTINUE READING

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