Validation and application of cost and time effective methods for the detection of 3-500 μm sized microplastics in the urban marine and estuarine environments surrounding Long Beach, California.

  title={Validation and application of cost and time effective methods for the detection of 3-500 $\mu$m sized microplastics in the urban marine and estuarine environments surrounding Long Beach, California.},
  author={Kara Wiggin and Erika B. Holland},
  journal={Marine pollution bulletin},

Microplastic Prevalence in 4 Oregon Rivers Along a Rural to Urban Gradient Applying a Cost‐Effective Validation Technique

This study finds plastics present in all samples from all sites, despite the range from undeveloped, remote stretches of river in rural areas to metropolitan sites within Portland, demonstrating the pervasive presence of plastic pollution in freshwater environments.

Critical Assessment of Analytical Methods for the Harmonized and Cost-Efficient Analysis of Microplastics

The state of the currently applied identification and quantification tools for microplastics are evaluated providing a harmonized guideline for future standardized operational protocols to cover these types of bills.

Sampling and Quality Assurance and Quality Control: A Guide for Scientists Investigating the Occurrence of Microplastics Across Matrices

This manuscript outlines the steps necessary to conduct general as well as matrix-specific quality assurance and quality control based on sample type and associated constraints, briefly review current findings across matrices, and provides guidance for the design of sampling regimes.

Current development and future challenges in microplastic detection techniques: A bibliometrics-based analysis and review.

Microplastics have been considered a new type of pollutant in the marine environment and have attracted widespread attention worldwide in recent years. Plastic particles with particle size less than

Preliminary Results From Detection of Microplastics in Liquid Samples Using Flow Cytometry

Microplastics are globally recognized as contaminants in freshwater and marine aquatic systems. To date there is no universally accepted protocol for isolation and quantification of microplastics

Sources, transport, measurement and impact of nano and microplastics in urban watersheds

An overall aim of this review is to report the sources and abundances of N& MPs in urban watersheds, and summarize monitoring methods and their limitations, knowing that identifying N&MPs and their urban/industrial sources is necessary to reduce their presence in all environments.



Lost, but Found with Nile Red: A Novel Method for Detecting and Quantifying Small Microplastics (1 mm to 20 μm) in Environmental Samples.

This protocol has proven to be highly effective in the quantification of small polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, and nylon-6 particles, which frequently occur in the water column, and preliminary results from sea surface tows show a power-law increase in small microplastics.

Identification and Quantification of Microplastics in Wastewater Using Focal Plane Array-Based Reflectance Micro-FT-IR Imaging.

A robust protocol which was nonselective and reproducible, and a considerable reduction in analysis time compared with previous methods, is likely to provide an essential tool for further research into the pathways by which microplastics enter the environment.

A novel, density-independent and FTIR-compatible approach for the rapid extraction of microplastics from aquatic sediments

Microplastics have been detected in aquatic sediments around the world, highlighting the propensity of this matrix to serve as a sink for these structural pollutants. More reliable and reproducible

Microplastics in the marine environment: a review of the methods used for identification and quantification.

This review of 68 studies compares the methodologies used for the identification and quantification of microplastics from the marine environment and suggests standardized sampling procedures which allow the spatiotemporal comparison ofmicroplastic abundance across marine environments.

Novel method for the extraction and identification of microplastics in ocean trawl and fish gut matrices

This work presents alternative extraction and analysis techniques to identify microplastics in the environment. This study aims to address previously noted issues with methods that use aggressive

High Quantities of Microplastic in Arctic Deep-Sea Sediments from the HAUSGARTEN Observatory.

The deep sea as a major sink for microplastics and the presence of accumulation areas in this remote part of the world, fed by plastics transported to the North via the Thermohaline Circulation are corroborated.

Grab vs. neuston tow net: a microplastic sampling performance comparison and possible advances in the field

With the rapid evolution of microplastic research over several decades, there is an urgent need to compare methodologies for quantifying microplastic in aquatic environments. The most common method