VLPs of Leptopilina boulardi share biogenesis and overall stellate morphology with VLPs of the heterotoma clade.

@article{Gueguen2011VLPsOL,
  title={VLPs of Leptopilina boulardi share biogenesis and overall stellate morphology with VLPs of the heterotoma clade.},
  author={Gwenaelle Gueguen and Roma Rajwani and Indira Paddibhatla and Jorge Morales and Shubha Govind},
  journal={Virus research},
  year={2011},
  volume={160 1-2},
  pages={159-65}
}
Viruses and virus-like particles (VLPs) of insect parasitoids modify host-parasite interactions. The Drosophila wasp, Leptopilina heterotoma, produce 300 nm spiked VLPs that bind to the host's blood cells via surface projections. L. heterotoma is a generalist wasp that attacks over a dozen Drosophila species. Oviposition introduces VLPs into the hemolymph of Drosophila larvae. VLPs lyse hemocytes and obliterate immune signaling in infected larval hosts. L. boulardi, a member of a distinct… CONTINUE READING