VLF/ELF sferic evidence for in‐cloud discharge activity producing sprites

@article{Ohkubo2005VLFELFSE,
  title={VLF/ELF sferic evidence for in‐cloud discharge activity producing sprites},
  author={A. Ohkubo and H. Fukunishi and Yukihiro Takahashi and T. Adachi},
  journal={Geophysical Research Letters},
  year={2005},
  volume={32}
}
[1] Sprite luminosities produced by winter lightning in Japan were found to be associated with simultaneous occurrences of clusters of radio atmospherics as observed in the VLF range, suggesting an in-cloud discharge activity. Concurrent ELF data show transient perturbations, indicating continuous charge transfer in causative lightning. These data provide the first evidence that an in-cloud discharge activity plays an important role in the generation mechanism of sprites. 
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Figures from this paper

Coordinated observations of sprites and in‐cloud lightning flash structure
Horizontal distributions of sprites derived from the JEM‐GLIMS nadir observations
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