VI. The two laws and the three sexes: ambiguous bodies in canon law and Roman law (12th to 16th centuries)

@article{Rolker2014VITT,
  title={VI. The two laws and the three sexes: ambiguous bodies in canon law and Roman law (12th to 16th centuries)},
  author={Christof Rolker},
  journal={Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung f{\"u}r Rechtsgeschichte: Kanonistische Abteilung},
  year={2014},
  volume={100},
  pages={178 - 222}
}
  • Christof Rolker
  • Published 1 August 2014
  • History, Law
  • Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte: Kanonistische Abteilung
This article traces the history of medieval canon (and Roman) law on 'hermaphrodites' as a third sex, bodily different from both men and women. Contrary to what has been claimed, there is no evidence for hermaphrodites being persecuted in the Middle Ages, and the learned laws did certainly not provide any basis for such persecution. The legal status of hermaphrodites was discussed regularly, and canon lawyers were clearly aware of contemporary theology and natural philosophy. In the sixteenth… 
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References

163 ) This was claimed, for example, by Long, Hermaphrodites (as quoted above, n. 13). 164 ) Here I agree in particular with Vo ß , Making (above, n. 3), esp
  • 163 ) This was claimed, for example, by Long, Hermaphrodites (as quoted above, n. 13). 164 ) Here I agree in particular with Vo ß , Making (above, n. 3), esp