VEGF-C, VEGF-D and Flt-4 in transitional bladder cancer: relationships to clinicopathological parameters and long-term survival.

BACKGROUND Our aim was to determine the role of the lymphangiogenic markers VEGF-C, VEGF-D and Flt-4 in transitional bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Archival cystectomy tumor blocks of 286 patients were selected for construction of a tissue microarray (TMA). Paraffin sections were assessed immunohistochemically using polyclonal antibodies against… (More)