Uvulars and uvularization in Tangut phonology

  title={Uvulars and uvularization in Tangut phonology},
  author={Xun Gong},
  journal={Language and Linguistics},
  • Xun Gong
  • Published 2 April 2020
  • Linguistics
  • Language and Linguistics
Abstract Tangut, a mediaeval Qiangic language (Sino-Tibetan family) distinguishes three grades (děng等). The traditional Sofronov-Gong reconstruction of this distinction postulates different degrees of medial yod: Grade I {-O-}, Grade II {-i-}, Grade III {-j-}. The yods, however, are not supported by the transcriptional evidence. Based on cognates between Tangut and Rgyalrongic languages, this study proposes the uvularization hypothesis: Tangut syllables have contrastive uvularization. Grade I… 
6 Citations
Reconsidering the Diachrony of Tone in Rma
Prior work has suggested that proto-Rma was a non-tonal language and that tonal varieties underwent tonogenesis (Liú 1998, Evans 2001a-b). This paper re-examines the different arguments for the
Tangut as a West Gyalrongic language
Abstract This paper proposes that Tangut should be classified as a West Gyalrongic language in the Sino-Tibetan/Trans-Himalayan family. We examine lexical commonalities, case marking, partial
When internal reconstruction goes further: proposing the vowel system of Pre-Khroskyabs through examining bound state apophony
Abstract This paper proposes an internal reconstruction of the vowel system of Pre-Khroskyabs by analysing bound state apophony in modern Siyuewu Khroskyabs. While most modern Khroskyabs dialects do
Folia Linguistica
This paper proposes that Tangut should be classified as a West Gyalrongic language in the Sino-Tibetan/Trans-Himalayan family. We examine lexical commonalities, case marking, partial reduplication,
Supplementary material for Lenition alternation in West Gyalrongic and its implication for Southeast Asian panchronic phonology
The present supplementary material is structured as follows. Section 2 presents background information about Khroskyabs historical phonology. Section 5 presents a comparison of inflectional and
Tangut uvularization and the devil in the Chinese details
  • Jonathan Smith
  • Linguistics
    Language and Linguistics / 語言暨語言學
  • 2022
I critique traditional simplex approaches to Tangut Grade by primary reference to Xun Gong’s new suggestion that Grade I/II syllables were contrastively uvularized. Such proposals are rooted in the


Uvular approximation as an articulatory vowel feature
This study explores the phenomenon of uvularization in the vowel systems of two Heishui County varieties of Qiang, a Sino-Tibetan language of Sichuan Province, China. Ultrasound imaging (one speaker)
The Phonological Reconstruction of Tangut through Examination of Phonological Alternations
This paper presents 27 sets of phonological alternations in Tangut and tries to interpret them in terms of regular morphological and syntactical processes, to offer an explanation how the complicated Tangut vowel system can evolve Out of a simple vowel system of the Sino-Tibetan common language.
On the Tibetan Transcriptions of Si-Hia Words
  • Stuart N. Wolfenden
  • Linguistics
    Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland
  • 1931
SINCE, during the last few years, Si-Hia texts with transliterations into Tibetan character have been brought to light, it seems that a new aspect may be put upon the morphology of this language.
The Person Agreement System Of Wobzi Lavrung (Rgyalrongic, Tibeto-Burman)†
This article offers a description of the person agreement system of Wobzi Lavrung, a Tibeto-Burman language spoken in Sichuan, China. The Lavrung language is still imperfectly described, and the aim
Vowel Contrast and Vowel Harmony Shift in the Mongolic Languages
This paper explores the synchrony and diachrony of the Mongolic vowel systems within the framework of contrastive hierarchy theory (Dresher 2009). First it establishes contrastive hierarchies for
The Qiangic Subgroup from an Areal Perspective: A Case Study of Languages of Muli
In this paper, I study the empirical validity of the hypothesis of ”Qiangic” as a subgroup of Sino-Tibetan, that is, the hypothesis of a common origin of thirteen little-studied languages of
The Personal Agreement System of Zbu Rgyalrong (Ngyaltsu Variety)
In this paper, the personal agreement system of the Ngyaltsu variety of Zbu rGyalrong is described, the first such description for this rarely documented Sino-Tibetan language. The agreement pattern
Kitan transcriptions of Chinese velar initials
This paper deals with the transcriptions of Chinese velar initials in the Kitan Small Script. We carried out a phonological analysis of the Kitan language as reflected in the transcriptions by
Esquisse de phonologie et de morphologie historique du tangoute
In Esquisse de phonologie et de morphologie historique du tangoute , Guillaume Jacques undertakes a systematic comparison of Tangut with modern Rgyalrongic languages, and proposes a new analysis of