Utterance modifiers and universals of grammatical borrowing

  title={Utterance modifiers and universals of grammatical borrowing},
  author={Y. Matras},
Members of a functional category that I tentatively call utterance modifiers are the most vulnerable items to contact-related linguistic change in grammar. Utterance modifiers regulate linguistic-mental processing activities that can be attributed to a grammar of directing. Bilinguals, when faced with the tension of choosing among the systems at their disposal in what is a highly automaticized operation, are tempted to reduce the overt representation of the grammar of directing to just one set… 

Tables from this paper

Fusion and the cognitive basis for bilingual discourse markers
This paper argues for a cognitive motivation behind the nonseparation of the systems of discourse marking available to bilinguals. It produces evidence that bilingual speakers, in an unconscious
Grammatical Contact in the Sahara: Arabic, Berber, and Songhay in Tabelbala and Siwa
This thesis examines the effects of contact on the grammars of the languages of two Saharan oases, Siwa and Tabelbala. These share similar linguistic ecologies in many respects, and can be regarded
Language contact between Spanish and Mosetén: A study of grammatical integration
Mosetén (Mosetenan) is spoken by approximately 800 people in the foothills of the Bolivian Andes. All of the speakers are bilingual in Spanish and Mosetén. Spanish is highly dominant and as expected,
The grammaticalization of coordinating interclausal connectives
The aim of this paper is to analyze the rise and grammaticalization of interclausal coordinating markers, i.e. conjunctive, disjunctive and adversative connectives. After examining the differences
Defining the limits of grammatical borrowing.
An examination of Romani and Domari, two Indo-Aryan languages spoken outside of India, shows that borrowing has an impact on a wide range of grammatical domains and categories, and suggests that some components of grammar offer more reliable indicators than others about shared historical-genetic inheritance.
The permeability of tag questions in a language contact situation
  • A. Carvalho, Joseph Kern
  • Linguistics
    Pragmatics. Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA)
  • 2019
In this paper, we utilize negative polarity tag questions in order to assess to what extent discourse-pragmatic variables are susceptible to language contact induced changes. Based on a comparison
The role of extra-clausal constituents in bilingual speech
The present contribution provides an account of the behaviour of extra-clausal constituents in bilingual speech. This topic has been investigated in several studies, but often with a particular focus
Intensive Contact and the Copying of Paradigms: An Éven Dialect in Contact with Sakha (Yakut)
The development of the unique structure of Copper Island Aleut, which displays a combination of Russian finite verb morphology and Aleut nominal and non-finite verbal morphology as well as lexicon
A Speech Planning Account of Guarani Grammatical Borrowings in Paraguayan Spanish
Previous studies view the use of Guarani grammatical morphemes in Paraguayan Spanish simply as grammatical borrowings (if one focuses on the morphosyntactic status of mixed forms) or as an
Cooptation as a discourse strategy
Abstract Some recent lines of research suggest that there are two different domains of discourse processing where one is concerned with the form and meaning of sentences and their parts and the other


Linguistic constraints on intrasentential code-switching: A study of Spanish/Hebrew bilingualism
The evidence suggests that intrasentential code-switching ability cannot, as some have argued, universally be considered a measure of bilingualism nor a mark of the balanced bilingual.
Metalanguaging and discourse markers in bilingual conversation
ABSTRACT This study examines the functions of the bilingual discourse strategy of language alternation in the process of marking boundaries of continuous discourse. The focus is on switched discourse
Constraints on Language Mixing: Intrasentential Code-Switching and Borrowing in Spanish/English
Mixture of Spanish and English, whether in isolated loan words or in codeswitching of clauses and sentences, while socially motivated, is subject to clear linguistic constraints. Quantitative
Historical and comparative linguistics
In any course of historical and comparative linguistics there will be students of different language backgrounds, different levels of linguistic training, and different theoretical orientation. This
From outer to inner space: Linguistic categories and non-linguistic thinking
Introduction What is the relation between the medium in which we think and the medium in which we talk? Opinions have varied with intellectual character and climate: some, from Wilhelm von Humboldt
An approach to discourse markers
Prozedurale Fusion: Grammatische Interferenzschichten im Romanes
Contact with various languages throughout the history of Romani results in distinct layers of grammatical interference in the language. The convergent development of the Balkan languages has led
Principles of historical linguistics
The major purpose of the book is to provide in up-to-date form such an understanding of the principles of historical linguistics and the related fields of comparative linguisticistics and linguistic reconstruction.
Structural convergence and language change: Evidence from Serbian/English code-switching
The findings of this study support Myers-Scotton's predictions that the code-switching patterns are dependent on structural convergence in bilingual communities where contact-induced language change is underway.