Utilizing Eye Tracking to Improve Learning from Examples

  title={Utilizing Eye Tracking to Improve Learning from Examples},
  author={Amir Shareghi Najar and Antonija Mitrovic and Kourosh Neshatian},
In recent year, eye tracking has been used in many areas such as usability studies of interfaces, marketing, and psychology. [] Key Method In order to comprehend SQL examples, students require information available in the database schema. We analyzed students’ eye movement data from different perspectives, and found that advanced students paid more attention to database schema than novices. In future work, we will use the outcomes of this study to provide proactive feedback.

Eye Tracking and Studying Examples: How Novices and Advanced Learners Study SQL Examples

The goal of the project reported in this paper was to investigate how novices and advanced students learn from examples, and it was found that advanced students paid more attention to database schema thanNovices.

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A novel way of using eye gaze tracking data is looked at to see if such data provides any clues as to how students use open student model representations and if they understand them.

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Results suggest some views of the learner model information may be more likely to encourage learners to inspect information about their level of knowledge, whereas in other views attention is directed more towards scanning the view, resulting in a lower proportion of time focussed on knowledge-related data.

Investigating student interactions with tutorial dialogues in EER-Tutor

The preliminary results of a project that investigates how students interact with the tutorial dialogues in EER-Tutor using both eye-gaze data and student-system interaction logs indicate that advanced students are selective of the interface areas they visually focus on, whereas novices waste time by paying attention to interface areas that are inappropriate for the task at hand.

Potentials of Eye-Movement Tracking in Adaptive Systems

A methodological framework of applying eye-tracking into adaptive systems shall be developed and it is proposed to employ the eye-movement tracking technologies for a real-time registration of users’ loci of visual attention, therefore increasing the awareness of the adaptive systems about their current users.

Exploring gaze data for determining user learning with an interactive simulation

Gaze data from users interacting with the CSP applet, an IS for constraint satisfaction problems, is collected, providing evidence that gaze data can be a valuable source of information for building user modes for IS.

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Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research.

  • K. Rayner
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1998
The basic theme of the review is that eye movement data reflect moment-to-moment cognitive processes in the various tasks examined.

Do novices and advanced students benefit differently from worked examples and ITS

Using examples alone is not an effective approach for novices and advanced students in comparison with ITSs, and is suggested to be either AEP or PO for advanced students.