Utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by neonatal pigs: effects of emulsification and dose delivered.

@article{Wieland1993UtilizationOM,
  title={Utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by neonatal pigs: effects of emulsification and dose delivered.},
  author={Todd M. Wieland and X. Lin and Jack Odle},
  journal={Journal of animal science},
  year={1993},
  volume={71 7},
  pages={
          1863-8
        }
}
Four trials were conducted using 86, 24-h-old pigs to evaluate the utilization of medium-chain triglycerides (MCT). Effects of emulsification and amount of MCT fed were examined. After a 4-h period during which feed was withheld, pigs were force-fed MCT (containing 75% octanoate and 25% decanoate), marking time 0 of the experiment. Blood samples were obtained at 1 and 2 h for subsequent medium-chain fatty acid (MCFA) analysis. In Trials 1 (six pigs/treatment) and 2 (four pigs/treatment) the… Expand
Diet physical form, fatty acid chain length, and emulsification alter fat utilization and growth of newly weaned pigs.
TLDR
It is concluded that feeding liquid diets containing emulsified LCT can improve fat utilization and markedly accentuate feed intake, growth, and G:F of weanling pigs. Expand
Medium-chain fatty acids but not L-carnitine accelerate the kinetics of [14C]triacylglycerol utilization by colostrum-deprived newborn pigs.
TLDR
Findings quantify the accelerated oxidation of medium-chain vs. long-chain triglycerides, but fail to support a need for supplemental carnitine to maximize fat oxidation in colostrum-deprived piglets. Expand
Improving Fat Utilization by the Weaned Pig: Effect of Diet Physical Form, Fatty Acid Chain Length, and Emulsification.
PRICE, KATHRYN LEIGH. Improving Fat Utilization by the Weaned pig: Effect of Diet Physical Form, Fatty Acid Chain length, and Emulsification. (Under the direction of Jack Odle.) Previous researchExpand
Effect of emulsifier (lysophospholipids) on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and blood profile in weanling pigs
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of emulsifier (lysophospholipids; LPL) on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and blood profile in weanling pigs. AExpand
Effects of emulsification, fat encapsulation, and pelleting on weanling pig performance and nutrient digestibility.
TLDR
Results indicate that growth performance may be improved by lysolecithin supplementation to diets with added lard and by encapsulation of lard through spray drying. Expand
New insights into the utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by the neonate: observations from a piglet model.
  • J. Odle
  • Medicine, Biology
  • The Journal of nutrition
  • 1997
TLDR
It is shown that MCT utilization improves rapidly with postnatal age, which is likely due to the ontogeny of pancreatic lipase, and the dramatic effects of emulsification and fatty acid chain length (within the medium-chain family) on utilization are delineated. Expand
Effects of Emulsifier and Multi-enzyme in Different Energy Densitydiet on Growth Performance, Blood Profiles, and Relative Organ Weight in Broiler Chickens
This study was conducted to determine the effects of emulsifierand multi-enzyme in different energy density diet on growth performance, blood profiles, and relative organ weight in broiler chickens.Expand
Nutrient Metabolism Medium-Chain Fatty Acids but Not L-Carnitine Accelerate the Kinetics of [C]Triacylglycerol Utilization by Colostrum-Deprived Newborn Pigs
The effect of L-carnitine on in vivo fatty acid utilization was determined using colostrum-deprived newborn piglets fed emulsified triglycerides (TG) composed of [1-C]octanoate (tri-8:0) orExpand
Ontogeny and chain-length specificity of gastrointestinal lipases affect medium-chain triacylglycerol utilization by newborn pigs.
TLDR
Pancreatic lipase dominates the preduodenal lipases in the neonatal pig, and greater activity of the gastrointestinal lipases toward tri-C6:0 underlies its increased rate of use. Expand
Effect of medium-chain triglycerides on piglets in three farms in Selangor and Penang, Malaysia
The aims of this study were to evaluate effect of medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) between treatment and control groups on growth performance, mortality rate and fecal coliform count in piglets. InExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 16 REFERENCES
Utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by neonatal piglets: I. Effects on milk consumption and body fuel utilization.
TLDR
The results from this study indicate that MCT is utilized as a fuel by the newborn piglet and that its use may spare critical fuels, glycogen and protein, that were stored in the piglet prior to birth. Expand
Effect of colostrum or medium-chain triglyceride supplementation on the pattern of plasma glucose, non-esterified fatty acids and survival of neonatal pigs.
TLDR
This regimen of MCT supplementation was employed in an experiment with nursing pigs to determine whether MCT would improve glucose status and survival of less-competitive pigs. Expand
Utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by neonatal piglets: II. Effects of even- and odd-chain triglyceride consumption over the first 2 days of life on blood metabolites and urinary nitrogen excretion.
TLDR
The data suggest that MCT may be better utilized than LCT and that there may be a differences in the utilization of even-MCT vs odd-M CT, depending on the age of the neonate. Expand
Effects of exogenous emulsifiers and fat sources on nutrient digestibility, serum lipids, and growth performance in weanling pigs.
TLDR
Considering all experiments, addition of emulsifiers increased digestibility of nutrients but had minimal effect on growth performance. Expand
Limits of medium-chain and long-chain triacylglycerol utilization by neonatal piglets.
TLDR
Results indicated that trioctanoin was used more effectively than triolein; it may be useful as a source of supplemental energy to improve the survival of piglets. Expand
Utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by neonatal piglets: chain length of even- and odd-carbon fatty acids and apparent digestion/absorption and hepatic metabolism.
TLDR
The data suggest that changes in chain length within the medium-chain family may dramatically influence the rate and extent of digestion and/or absorption and metabolism of medium- chain triglycerides by neonates. Expand
Evaluation of [1-14C]-medium-chain fatty acid oxidation by neonatal piglets using continuous-infusion radiotracer kinetic methodology.
TLDR
The various fatty acids were oxidized equally well, regardless of chain length, and satisfied up to 60 to 70% of the animals' energy requirements, depending on the rate of infusion, in relation to previous work from the laboratory that has shown significant effects of fatty acid chain length on utilization of orally administered medium-chain triglyceride supplements. Expand
Effects of infusion of octanoate on glucose concentration in plasma and the rates of glucose production and utilization in dogs.
The effects of intravenously administeredsodium octanoate, an 8-carbon saturated fatty acid, on glucose turnover were investigated in 16 healthy dogs by 2 isotope dilution technics: the method ofExpand
Hydrolysis and Absorption of Medium-Chain Triglycerides and Soy Oil
  • L. Hagerman, R. Harkins, H. Sarett
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
  • 1969
TLDR
In vitro hydrolysis of MCT and soy oil emulsified in gum arabic and Tween 80 solutions by pancreatic lipase and in vivo hydrolytic and absorption of these emulsions in normal and washed isolated sections of the small intestine of rats are conducted. Expand
A study on the narcotic action of the short chain fatty acids.
TLDR
The present work is a study of the narcotic action of the neutralized salts of the short chain fatty acids upon "intact" rats. Expand
...
1
2
...