Utilization and compensation of interaction torques during ball-throwing movements.

@article{Hirashima2003UtilizationAC,
  title={Utilization and compensation of interaction torques during ball-throwing movements.},
  author={Masaya Hirashima and Kazutoshi Kudo and Tatsuyuki Ohtsuki},
  journal={Journal of neurophysiology},
  year={2003},
  volume={89 4},
  pages={1784-96}
}
The manner in which the CNS deals with interaction torques at each joint in ball throwing was investigated by instructing subjects to throw a ball at three different speeds, using two (elbow and wrist) or three joints (shoulder, elbow, and wrist). The results indicated that the role of the muscle torque at the most proximal joint was to accelerate the most proximal joint and to produce the effect of interjoint interaction on the distal joints. In the three-joint throwing, shoulder muscle torque… CONTINUE READING

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