Using uh and um in spontaneous speaking

@article{Clark2002UsingUA,
  title={Using uh and um in spontaneous speaking},
  author={Herbert H. Clark and Jean E. Fox Tree},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={2002},
  volume={84},
  pages={73-111}
}
The proposal examined here is that speakers use uh and um to announce that they are initiating what they expect to be a minor (uh), or major (um), delay in speaking. Speakers can use these announcements in turn to implicate, for example, that they are searching for a word, are deciding what to say next, want to keep the floor, or want to cede the floor. Evidence for the proposal comes from several large corpora of spontaneous speech. The evidence shows that speakers monitor their speech plans… 

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