Using reverse engineering and computational fluid dynamics to investigate a lower arm amputee swimmer's performance.

@article{Lecrivain2008UsingRE,
  title={Using reverse engineering and computational fluid dynamics to investigate a lower arm amputee swimmer's performance.},
  author={Gregory M. Lecrivain and Arezki Slaouti and Carl Payton and Ian F. Kennedy},
  journal={Journal of biomechanics},
  year={2008},
  volume={41 13},
  pages={2855-9}
}
In front crawl swimming, the hand and the corresponding forearm generate major propulsive forces. Such forces have been studied largely through experimental tests and more recently through the use of steady computational fluid dynamics (CFD). However, the effect of the upper arm on the propulsive forces has generally not been taken into consideration. An understanding of such forces is fundamental for the performance of swimmers who have an arm amputation at the level of the elbow. This study… CONTINUE READING

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