Using functional hemodynamic indicators to guide fluid therapy.


OVERVIEW Hemodynamic monitoring has traditionally relied on such static pressure measurements as pulmonary artery occlusion pressure and central venous pressure to guide fluid therapy. Over the past 15 years, however, there's been a shift toward less invasive or noninvasive monitoring methods, which use "functional" hemodynamic indicators that reflect… (More)
DOI: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000429754.15255.eb