Using formal specifications to support testing

@article{Hierons2009UsingFS,
  title={Using formal specifications to support testing},
  author={Robert Mark Hierons and Kirill Bogdanov and Jonathan P. Bowen and Rance Cleaveland and John Derrick and Jeremy Dick and Marian Gheorghe and Mark Harman and Kalpesh Kapoor and Paul J. Krause and Gerald L{\"u}ttgen and Anthony J. H. Simons and Sergiy A. Vilkomir and Martin R. Woodward and Hussein Zedan},
  journal={ACM Comput. Surv.},
  year={2009},
  volume={41},
  pages={9:1-9:76}
}
Formal methods and testing are two important approaches that assist in the development of high-quality software. While traditionally these approaches have been seen as rivals, in recent years a new consensus has developed in which they are seen as complementary. This article reviews the state of the art regarding ways in which the presence of a formal specification can be used to assist testing. 

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