Using a Historical Controversy to Teach Critical Thinking, the Meaning of “Theory”, and the Status of Scientific Knowledge

@article{Montgomery2009UsingAH,
  title={Using a Historical Controversy to Teach Critical Thinking, the Meaning of “Theory”, and the Status of Scientific Knowledge},
  author={Keith S. Montgomery},
  journal={Journal of Geoscience Education},
  year={2009},
  volume={57},
  pages={214 - 221}
}
It is important that students understand the “open-ended” nature of scientific knowledge and the correct relationship between facts and theory. One way this can be taught is to examine a past controversy in which the interpretation of facts was contested. The controversy discussed here, with suggestions for teaching, is “Expanding Earth versus Sea Floor Spreading.” Although this was a short and limited controversy within the mainstream scientific community, it has the advantage of having… 
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