Using Term Limits to Estimate Incumbency Advantages When O ± ceholders

  title={Using Term Limits to Estimate Incumbency Advantages When O ± ceholders},
  author={Stephen Ansolabehere},
Gelman and King (1990) and Levitt and Wolfram (1997) propose methods of measuring the incumbency advantage that have become widely used in the literature. Recently, however, critics have argued that these measures, as well as less sophisticated measures of incumbency advantage that preceded them, su®er from a failure to consider strategic retirements, and this may lead to as much as a 100in state executive and legislative elections as a natural experiment to correct for strategic retirment. We… CONTINUE READING
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