Using Self-Report Assessment Methods to Explore Facets of Mindfulness

  title={Using Self-Report Assessment Methods to Explore Facets of Mindfulness},
  author={Ruth Baer and Gregory T. Smith and Jaclyn M. Hopkins and Jennifer Krietemeyer and Leslie Toney},
  pages={27 - 45}
The authors examine the facet structure of mindfulness using five recently developed mindfulness questionnaires. Two large samples of undergraduate students completed mindfulness questionnaires and measures of other constructs. Psychometric properties of the mindfulness questionnaires were examined, including internal consistency and convergent and discriminant relationships with other variables. Factor analyses of the combined pool of items from the mindfulness questionnaires suggested that… Expand
Construct Validity of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in Meditating and Nonmeditating Samples
Regression and mediation analyses showed that several of the facets of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire contributed independently to the prediction of well-being and significantly mediated the relationship between meditation experience andWell-being. Expand
Factor Analysis of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in a Heterogeneous Clinical Sample
This study assesses the facet structure and psychometric properties of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) with a heterogeneous clinical sample of individuals with mood and anxietyExpand
Mind Your Words
This study suggests that the FFMQ measures components that may relate to, but do not seem to directly reflect, a latent variable of mindfulness, and recommends against the use of an FFMQ total score, favoring individual scale scores, and further examination of method effects in mindfulness scales. Expand
Associations of Five Facets of Mindfulness With Self-Regulation in College Students
Findings revealed that describing, acting with awareness, nonjudging, and nonreacting mindfulness facets were negatively associated with difficulties with emotion regulation, and that observing, actingWith awareness, andnonjudging mindfulness facet were positively associated with delay of gratification skills. Expand
OF THESIS EXPLORING FACETS OF MINDFULNESS IN EXPERIENCED MEDITATORS Mindfulness is increasingly recognized as an important phenomenon in both clinical and empirical domains, though debate regardingExpand
Distinguishing Dispositional and Cultivated Forms of Mindfulness: Item-Level Factor Analysis of Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and Construction of Short Inventory of Mindfulness Capability
A Short Inventory of Mindfulness Capability at the item level of FFMQ was developed and indicated that the Acting with Awareness facet was a significant predictor of depression and anxiety symptoms 6 months later. Expand
Self-Other Agreement in the Assessment of Mindfulness Using the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire
How well is trait mindfulness perceived by outside observers? This question has implications for the conceptualization of trait mindfulness and development and validity of self-report questionnaires.Expand
Interpersonal Mindfulness: Scale Development and Initial Construct Validation
Existing trait mindfulness scales primarily assess mindfulness as it occurs outside interpersonal contexts. To more fully understand the possible relational benefits of mindfulness, the authorsExpand
Scale Examination of the Factor Structure and Concurrent Validity of the Langer Mindfulness / Mindlessness
Langer’s theory of mindfulness proposes that a mindful person seeks out and produces novelty, is attentive to context, and is flexible in thought and behavior. In three independent studies, theExpand
Psychometric Properties of the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire in Moderate-to-Severe, Persistent Depression
Objectives Mindfulness has been increasingly incorporated into modern psychotherapies and healthcare services. The importance of psychometrically quantifying the construct of mindfulness has becomeExpand


Assessment of Mindfulness by Self-Report
Findings suggest that mindfulness skills are differentially related to aspects of personality and mental health, including neuroticism, psychological symptoms, emotional intelligence, alexithymia, experiential avoidance, dissociation, and absorption. Expand
Mindfulness and Emotion Regulation: The Development and Initial Validation of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R)
As interest grows in mindfulness training as a psychosocial intervention, it is increasingly important to quantify this construct to facilitate empirical investigation. The goal of the presentExpand
The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being.
  • K. Brown, R. Ryan
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 2003
Correlational, quasi-experimental, and laboratory studies show that the MAAS measures a unique quality of consciousness that is related to a variety of well-being constructs, that differentiates mindfulness practitioners from others, and that is associated with enhanced self-awareness. Expand
Measuring Mindfulness in Insight Meditation ( Vipassana ) and Meditation-Based Psychotherapy : The Development of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory ( FMI ) by
Mindfulness meditation research has in recent years become a burgeoning field of investigation, particularly related to treatment of health-related disorders. Nevertheless, the construct ofExpand
The Twenty-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale--II. Convergent, discriminant, and concurrent validity.
Evidence of convergent and discriminant validity of the TAS-20 was demonstrated in samples of university students by a pattern of correlations with the scales of the NEO Personality Inventory and separate measures of psychological mindedness and need-for-cognition that was consistent with theoretical predictions. Expand
Mindfulness : A proposed operational definition
There has been substantial interest in mindfulness as an approach to reduce cognitive vulnerability to stress and emotional distress in recent years. However, thus far mindfulness has not beenExpand
The Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a New Measure of Dissociative Activities
The psychometric properties of a new measure of dissociative behaviors, the Scale of Dissociative Activities (SODAS), were evaluated and compared favorably to other existing self-report measures of dissociation. Expand
Mindfulness Training as a Clinical Intervention: A Conceptual and Empirical Review
Interventions based on training in mindfulness skills are becoming increasingly popular. Mindfulness involves intentionally bringing one's attention to the internal and external experiences occurringExpand
The Development and Validation of a Scale to Measure Self-Compassion
This article defines the construct of self-compassion and describes the development of the Self-Compassion Scale. Self-compassion entails being kind and understanding toward oneself in instances ofExpand
Perils and Promise in Defining and Measuring Mindfulness: Observations From Experience
As mindfulness research advances on a variety of fronts, it has become increasingly important to carefully define and measure the construct. In this commentary, we draw from our recent researchExpand