Using Secondary Outcomes to Sharpen Inference in Randomized Experiments With Noncompliance

  title={Using Secondary Outcomes to Sharpen Inference in Randomized Experiments With Noncompliance},
  author={Fabrizia Mealli and Barbara Pacini},
  journal={Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  pages={1120 - 1131}
  • F. Mealli, B. Pacini
  • Published 30 May 2013
  • Mathematics
  • Journal of the American Statistical Association
We develop new methods for analyzing randomized experiments with noncompliance and, by extension, instrumental variable settings, when the often controversial, but key, exclusion restriction assumption is violated. We show how existing large-sample bounds on intention-to-treat effects for the subpopulations of compliers, never-takers, and always-takers can be tightened by exploiting the joint distribution of the outcome of interest and a secondary outcome, for which the exclusion restriction is… 
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