Using Landsat TM data to estimate carbon release from burned biomass in an Alaskan spruce forest complex

  title={Using Landsat TM data to estimate carbon release from burned biomass in an Alaskan spruce forest complex},
  author={Jeffery L. Michalek and Nancy H. F. French and Eric S. Kasischke and R. D. Johnson and John E. Colwell},
  journal={International Journal of Remote Sensing},
  pages={323 - 338}
Fire disturbance in boreal forests can release carbon to the atmosphere stored in both the aboveground vegetation and the organic soil layer. Estimating pyrogenic emissions of carbon released during biomass burning in these forests is useful for understanding and estimating global carbon budgets. In this work, we have developed a method to estimate carbon efflux for the burned black spruce in an Alaskan forest by combining information derived from Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data and field… 
Quantifying fire‐wide carbon emissions in interior Alaska using field measurements and Landsat imagery
Carbon emissions from boreal forest fires are projected to increase with continued warming and constitute a potentially significant positive feedback to climate change. The highest consistent
Daily burned area and carbon emissions from boreal fires in Alaska
Abstract. Boreal fires burn into carbon-rich organic soils, thereby releasing large quantities of trace gases and aerosols that influence atmospheric composition and climate. To better understand the
Using hyperspectral imagery to estimate forest floor consumption from wildfire in boreal forests of Alaska, USA
Wildfire is a major forest disturbance in interior Alaska that can both directly and indirectly alter ecological processes. We used a combination of pre- and post-fire forest floor depths and
Direct Effects of Fire on the Boreal Forest Carbon Budget
Past approaches to estimating the amounts of carbon released during fires in boreal forests have depended on two types of data: 1) those collected during prescribed burns; or 2)
Evaluating the potential of Landsat TM/ETM+ imagery for assessing fire severity in Alaskan black spruce forests
Satellite remotely sensed data of fire disturbance offers important information; however, current methods to study fire severity may need modifications for boreal regions. We assessed the potential
Wildfire Consumption and Interannual Impacts by Land Cover in Alaskan Boreal Forest
Boreal forest fires are an important source of terrestrial carbon emissions, particularly during years of widespread wildfires. Most carbon emission models parameterize wildfire impacts and carbon
Remote monitoring of spatial and temporal surface soil moisture in fire disturbed boreal forest ecosystems with ERS SAR imagery
Due to the large volume of carbon currently stored in boreal regions and the high frequency of wildfire, the prospects of a warming climate would have important implications for the ecology of boreal
Relationship between MODIS fire hot spot count and burned area in a degraded tropical peat swamp forest in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
A number of space-borne sensors observe radiant energy at thermal wavelengths.Thermal anomaly data, otherwise known as hotspot data, have been shown to beparticularly correlated with the occurrence
Characterizing sub-pixel Landsat ETM+ fire severity on experimental fires in the Kruger National Park, South Africa.
Burn severity was quantitatively mapped using a unique linear spectral mixture model to determine sub-pixel abundances of different ashes and combustion completeness measured on the corresponding
Postfire response of North American boreal forest net primary productivity analyzed with satellite observations
Fire is a major disturbance in the boreal forest, and has been shown to release significant amounts of carbon (C) to the atmosphere through combustion. However, less is known about the effects on


Remote Sensing of Forest Fire Severity and Vegetation Recovery
Burned forested areas have patterns of varying burn severity as a consequence of various topographic, vegetation, and meteorological factors. These patterns are detected and mapped using satellite
Fire, Global Warming, and the Carbon Balance of Boreal Forests
A sensitivity analysis on the relationship between fire and carbon storage in the living-biomass and ground-layer compartments of boreal forests was performed to determine how the carbon stocks would be expected to change as a result of global warming.
Estimating release of carbon from 1990 and 1991 forest fires in Alaska
An improved method to estimate the amounts of carbon released during fires in the boreal forest zone of Alaska in 1990 and 1991 is described. This method divides the state into 64 distinct
Fire, Climate Change, and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest
Preface Introduction Section I: Information Requirements and Fire Management and Policy Issues The Role of Boreal Ecosystems in the Global Carbon Cycle Boreal Forest Fire Emissions and the Chemistry
Boreal forests and tundra
The circumpolar boreal biomes coverca. 2 109 ha of the northern hemisphere and containca. 800 Pg C in biomass, detritus, soil, and peat C pools. Current estimates indicate that the biomes are
Improving thematic mapper based classification of wildfire induced vegetation mortality
Abstract In many areas suppression of wildfire has produced fuel accumulations that pre‐dispose forests to undesirable fire behavior. Image processing techniques can be used to combine different
Constraints on using AVHRR composite index imagery to study patterns of vegetation cover in boreal forests
Abstract A wide range of techniques are being developed to map vegetation cover types using multi-date imagery from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer. To date, these techniques do not
Fire and the boreal forest: the process and the response is described and the population dynamics of boreal trees are studied.