Using Forbush Decreases to Derive the Transit Time of ICMEs Propagating from 1 AU to Mars

@article{FreiherrvonForstner2017UsingFD,
  title={Using Forbush Decreases to Derive the Transit Time of ICMEs Propagating from 1 AU to Mars},
  author={Johan L. Freiherr von Forstner and Jingnan Guo and Robert F. Wimmer–Schweingruber and Donald M. Hassler and Manuela Temmer and Mateja Dumbovi'c and Lan K. Jian and Jan K. Appel and Ja{\vs}a {\vC}alogovi{\'c} and Bent Ehresmann and Bernd Heber and Henning Lohf and Arik Posner and Christian T. Steigies and Bojan Vr{\vs}nak and Cary J. Zeitlin},
  journal={Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics},
  year={2017},
  volume={123},
  pages={39 - 56}
}
The propagation of 15 interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) from Earth's orbit (1 AU) to Mars (∼1.5 AU) has been studied with their propagation speed estimated from both measurements and simulations. The enhancement of magnetic fields related to ICMEs and their shock fronts causes the so‐called Forbush decrease, which can be detected as a reduction of galactic cosmic rays measured on ground. We have used galactic cosmic ray (GCR) data from in situ measurements at Earth, from both STEREO… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Comparing the Properties of ICME‐Induced Forbush Decreases at Earth and Mars
Forbush decreases (FDs), which are short‐term drops in the flux of galactic cosmic rays, are caused by the shielding from strong and/or turbulent magnetic structures in the solar wind, especially
Tracking and Validating ICMEs Propagating Toward Mars Using STEREO Heliospheric Imagers Combined With Forbush Decreases Detected by MSL/RAD
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) instrument onboard the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission's Curiosity rover has been measuring galactic cosmic rays (GCR) as well as solar energetic
A new model describing Forbush Decreases at Mars: combining the heliospheric modulation and the atmospheric influence
Forbush decreases are depressions in the galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) that are caused primarily by modulations of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) but also occasionally by
A Catalogue of Forbush Decreases Recorded on the Surface of Mars from 2012 Until 2016: Comparison with Terrestrial FDs
Forbush decreases (FDs) in galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) have been recorded by neutron monitors (NMs) at Earth for more than 60 years. For the past five years, with the establishment of the Radiation
Shock deceleration in interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) beyond Mercury’s orbit until one AU
The CDPP propagation tool is used to propagate interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) observed at Mercury by MESSENGER to various targets in the inner solar system (VEX, ACE, STEREO-A and B).
Modeling the Evolution and Propagation of 10 September 2017 CMEs and SEPs Arriving at Mars Constrained by Remote Sensing and In Situ Measurement
On 10 September 2017, solar energetic particles originating from the active region 12673 produced a ground level enhancement at Earth. The ground level enhancement on the surface of Mars, 160
Unusual Plasma and Particle Signatures at Mars and STEREO-A Related to CME–CME Interaction
On July 25 2017 a multi-step Forbush decrease (FD) with the remarkable total amplitude of more than 15\% was observed by MSL/RAD at Mars. We find that these particle signatures are related to very
Magnetic Structure and Propagation of Two Interacting CMEs From the Sun to Saturn
One of the grand challenges in heliophysics is the characterization of coronal mass ejection (CME) magnetic structure and evolution from eruption at the Sun through heliospheric propagation. At
Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections as the Driver of Non-recurrent Forbush Decreases
Interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) are the counterparts of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that extend in the interplanetary (IP) space and interact with the underlying solar wind (SW).
Image of Forbush Decrease in a Magnetic Cloud by Three Moments of Cosmic Ray Distribution Function
The time dynamics of the cosmic ray distribution function in a magnetic cloud is calculated. The magnetic cloud has the form of a torus segment with the force‐free magnetic field structure at the
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES
Measurements of Forbush decreases at Mars: both by MSL on ground and by MAVEN in orbit
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD), on board Mars Science Laboratory's (MSL) Curiosity rover, has been measuring ground level particle fluxes along with the radiation dose rate at the surface of
Superposed epoch study of ICME sub-structures near Earth and their effects on galactic cosmic rays
Interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) are the interplanetary manifestations of solar eruptions. The overtaken solar wind forms a sheath of compressed plasma at the front of ICMEs. Magnetic
PROPAGATION OF THE 2012 MARCH CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS FROM THE SUN TO HELIOPAUSE
In 2012 March the Sun exhibited extraordinary activities. In particular, the active region NOAA AR 11429 emitted a series of large coronal mass ejections (CMEs) which were imaged by the Solar
Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections, Associated Features, and Transient Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays
Interplanetary structures such as shocks, sheaths, interplanetary counterparts of coronal mass ejections (ICMEs), magnetic clouds, and corotating interaction regions (CIRs) are of special interest
Kinematics of Interacting ICMEs and Related Forbush Decrease: Case Study
We study heliospheric propagation and some space weather aspects of three Earth-directed interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs), successively launched from the active region AR 11158 in the
Interplanetary coronal mass ejections from MESSENGER orbital observations at Mercury
We use observations from the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft, in orbit around Mercury, to investigate interplanetary coronal mass ejections
Analysis of a coronal mass ejection and corotating interaction region as they travel from the Sun passing Venus, Earth, Mars, and Saturn
During June 2010 a good alignment in the solar system between Venus, STEREO‐B, Mars, and Saturn provided an excellent opportunity to study the propagation of a coronal mass ejection (CME) and closely
CONNECTING SPEEDS, DIRECTIONS AND ARRIVAL TIMES OF 22 CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS FROM THE SUN TO 1 AU
Forecasting the in situ properties of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) from remote images is expected to strongly enhance predictions of space weather and is of general interest for studying the
Revisiting two-step Forbush decreases
[1] Interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) and their shocks can sweep out galactic cosmic rays (GCRs), thus creating Forbush decreases (FDs). The traditional model of FDs predicts that an ICME
Predicting the 1‐AU arrival times of coronal mass ejections
We describe an empirical model to predict the 1-AU arrival of coronal mass ejections (CMEs). This model is based on an effective interplanetary (IP) acceleration described by Gopalswamy et al.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...