Usefulness of panoramic views for novice surgeons doing retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy.

@article{Naya2009UsefulnessOP,
  title={Usefulness of panoramic views for novice surgeons doing retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy.},
  author={Yukio Naya and Kazuyoshi Nakamura and Kazuhiro Araki and Koji Kawamura and Syuichi Kamijima and Takashi Imamoto and Naoki Nihei and Hiroyoshi Suzuki and Tomohiko Ichikawa and Tatsuo Igarashi},
  journal={International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association},
  year={2009},
  volume={16 2},
  pages={
          177-80
        }
}
OBJECTIVES Laparoscopic surgery is widely accepted for managing renal disease. Thus, the system used to educate and train novice surgeons in laparoscopic surgery becomes important to reduce the risks of surgery during their training. A prospective study was carried out to determine the usefulness of using panoramic views during laparoscopic surgery. METHODS Between April 2004 and March 2007, four novice surgeons started learning laparoscopic radical nephrectomy: two carried out surgery… CONTINUE READING
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