Use of tranexamic acid in craniosynostosis surgery.


BACKGROUND Intraoperative tranexamic acid (TXA) administration has been used to abate blood loss in a variety of surgical procedures. Several recent studies have supported its efficacy in reducing transfusion requirements in pediatric cranial vault reconstruction (CVR). OBJECTIVE To conduct a retrospective chart review to determine whether a significant reduction in packed red blood cell (PRBC) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) transfusions exists when TXA is used. METHODS A retrospective cohort study of 28 patients who underwent CVR for sagittal craniosynostosis was performed. Transfusion requirements for 14 patients who did not receive TXA were compared with 14 patients who did. Predictors of increased blood product transfusion were also studied. RESULTS Total volume of PRBC transfusion was reduced by 50% with the use of TXA (P=0.004) with a 34% reduction in intraoperative PRBC transfusion (P=0.017) and a 67% reduction in postoperative PRBC transfusion (P<0.001). Total volume of FFP transfusion was reduced by 46% (P=0.002) and postoperative FFP transfusion was reduced by 100% (P=0.001). The use of TXA was associated with a lower total volume of PRBC (P=0.003) and FFP (P=0.003) transfusions. Older patient age was associated with lower total volume of PRBC transfused (P=0.046 and P=0.002), but not with FFP (P=0.183 and P=0.099) transfusion volumes. Increasing patient weight was associated with lower PRBC (P=0.010 and P=0.020) and FFP (P=0.045 and P=0.016) transfusion volumes. CONCLUSION TXA decreased blood product transfusion requirements in patients undergoing CVR for sagittal craniosynostosis, and should be a routine part of the strategy to reduce blood loss in these procedures.

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@article{Martin2015UseOT, title={Use of tranexamic acid in craniosynostosis surgery.}, author={Justin P Martin and Jessica S Wang and Kasandra R. Hanna and Madeline M Stovall and Kant Y. K. Lin}, journal={Plastic surgery}, year={2015}, volume={23 4}, pages={247-51} }