Use of race and ethnicity in biomedical publication.

  title={Use of race and ethnicity in biomedical publication.},
  author={Judith B. Kaplan and Trude A. Bennett},
  volume={289 20},
Researchers, clinicians, and policy makers face 3 challenges in writing about race and ethnicity: accounting for the limitations of race/ethnicity data; distinguishing between race/ethnicity as a risk factor or as a risk marker; and finding a way to write about race/ethnicity that does not stigmatize and does not imply a we/they dichotomy between health professionals and populations of color. Journals play an important role in setting standards for research and policy literature. The authors… 

Race and Ethnicity in Medical Research: Requirements Meet Reality

  • M. Winker
  • Sociology
    The Journal of law, medicine & ethics : a journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
  • 2006
Research into appropriate measures of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic factors, as well as education of researchers regarding issues ofRace/ Ethnicity, is necessary to clarify the meaning of race-ethnicity in the biomedical literature.

The role of race in clinical decision making.

The authors make the argument that using a patient's race/ethnicity in clinical decision making often results in a missed or incorrect diagnosis.

Race, Research, and Women's Health: Best Practice Guidelines for Investigators.

Misconceptions about race are addressed, how race can be misused in research and clinical care is shown, and new standards to guide authors as they conduct research on disparities and race are suggested.

The meaning of race in healthcare and research--part 2. Current controversies and emerging research.

  • C. Tashiro
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Pediatric nursing
  • 2005
Pediatric nurses must examine the literature on race, as well as their own assumptions, and be clear about when and why the authors use racial categories and what they really mean.

Considerations for using race and ethnicity as quantitative variables in medical education research

By following these recommendations, medical education researchers can avoid major pitfalls associated with the use of race and ethnicity and make informed decisions around some of the most challenging race and ethnic topics in medical education.

Race, ethnicity, and racism in the nutrition literature: an update for 2020

The limitations of classifying participants by race are reviewed, the use of racial categories to explain biologic phenomena are abandoned, and a series of steps are recommended for authors, researchers and policymakers to consider when producing and reading the nutrition literature.

Race and ethnicity in genetic research

A baseline against which to measure future trends is provided, based on 330 randomly selected articles published between 2001 and 2004 that reported on genetic research and used one or more words from a defined list of race, ethnicity, or population terms.



Self-reported vs administrative race/ethnicity data and study results.

This work investigated whether differences in reporting of race/ethnicity led to different results with regard to the use of one therapeutic dental procedure, root canal therapy.

Ethnicity as a variable in epidemiological research

This work identifies four fundamental problems with ethnicity in research: the difficulties of measurement, the heterogeneity of the populations being studied, lack of clarity about the research purpose, and ethnocentricity affecting the interpretation and use of data.

Revisiting race/ethnicity as a variable in health research.

  • R. Bhopal
  • Medicine
    American journal of public health
  • 2002
The recent debate promoted by the Journal stimulates fresh thinking on the evolving issues of race and ethnicity.1 Thomas' letter offers me an opportunity to clarify and develop some of my views

Race and ethnicity in research on infant mortality.

There are several problems and ambiguities in the use of race and ethnicity in clinical research and researchers who use racial or ethnic categories should do so for specified reasons and adopt clear definitions of the categories used.

Editors' practice and views on terminology in ethnicity and health research.

A questionnaire survey of journal editors' views on terminology in relation to health research on ethnic minority groups found that although most of the journals surveyed did not have a clear policy on terminology, they recognised the importance of this issue and welcomed guidance to resolve the problem of inappropriate terminology in ethnicity and health research.

Describing race, ethnicity, and culture in medical research

If researchers want to be able to compare results of studies now and in the future a framework is needed for the classification of ethnic or cultural groups, and the nearest to an agreed classification in the United Kingdom are the categories used by the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys in the 1991 census.

Refiguring “Race”: Epidemiology, Racialized Biology, and Biological Expressions of Race Relations

  • N. Krieger
  • Sociology
    International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation
  • 2000
It is suggested that studies omit data on “race” and instead collect better socioeconomic data, which ignores a growing body of evidence on how noneconomic as well as economic aspects of racial discrimination are embodied and harm health across the lifecourse.

Toward a conceptualization of race in epidemiologic research.

The author explores the current definitions of race in health research, and describes some of the history of race fabrication, and suggests a multidimensional construct of race.

Toward a conceptualization of race in epidemiologic research.

The author explores the current definitions of race in health research, and describes some of the history of race fabrication, and suggests a multidimensional construct of race.

The role of race in the clinical presentation.

This article includes a set of guidelines for the inclusion of racial data in presentations, because race is a social construct and, if used, should be recorded in the social history, not the opening sentence of the presentation.