Use of prescription forgeries in a drug abuse surveillance network

  title={Use of prescription forgeries in a drug abuse surveillance network},
  author={Ulf Bergman and Marja‐Liisa Dahl‐Puustinen},
  journal={European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology},
SummaryData on forged prescriptions in Sweden in 1982–1986 were studied as an indicator in an epidemiological survey of medication abuse.The annual number of prescription forgeries doubled during the 5-year period. Psychotropic drugs accounted for 62% and analgesics for 25% of all forgeries. Benzodiazepines were the major single drug group, comprising 52% of all forgeries during the period. The major benzodiazepines on the market in Sweden (diazepam, oxazepam, nitrazepam and flunitrazepam) were… 

Survey of Forged Prescriptions to Investigate Risk of Psychoactive Medications Abuse in France

Analysis of data collected from community pharmacies in the OSIAP (Ordonnances Suspectes Indicateur d’Abus et de Pharmacodépendance) survey gives information about patterns of diversion of medication in France and defines different profiles of forged prescriptions.

Falsified or forged medical prescriptions as an indicator of pharmacodependence: A pilot study

Although this survey cannot describe the real prevalence of the misuse or abuse of drugs, it constitutes a useful warning epidemiologic system to elicit early observations regarding new misuses of drugs as they are requested at the pharmacy.

A European Community Pharmacy-Based Survey to Investigate Patterns of Prescription Fraud through Identification of Falsified Prescriptions

Depending on their level of use in each country, methyl-phenidate, morphine and flunitrazepam presented the highest falsification ratios, particularly in Spain, Belgium and France.

A European Community Pharmacy-Based Survey to Investigate Patterns of Prescription Fraud through Identification of Falsified Prescriptions

Stimulants, opioids and some benzodiazepines were the most frequently reported drugs in this survey on falsified prescriptions, but differences between countries were observed.

Assessment of abuse potential of benzodiazepines from a prescription database using ‘doctor shopping’ as an indicator

The DSI can be used to assess the relative abuse liability of benzodiazepines and to detect signals of new patterns of abuse in settings where centralized records of prescription or deliveries are available for the great majority of patients.

Multiple Determinants of Specific Modes of Prescription Opioid Diversion

Examination of abusers' sources of diverted drugs from two large studies finds that sources varied by users' age, gender, ethnicity, risk-aversiveness, primary opioid of abuse, injection drug use, physical health, drug dependence, and either access to health insurance or relative financial wealth.

Assessment of abuse of tianeptine from a reimbursement database using ‘doctor‐shopping’ as an indicator

Tianeptine is associated with higher DSI, compared with other antidepressants, suggesting that it may be subject to abuse in the population, and its DSI as a measure of diversion is similar to the DSI of diazepam or bromazepam.

Which psychoactive prescription drugs are illegally obtained and through which ways of acquisition? About OPPIDUM survey

This study confirms that theft, forged prescription and internet are few used and permits to highlight diversion of prescription drugs.

Mechanisms of prescription drug diversion among drug-involved club- and street-based populations.

While doctor shoppers, physicians and the Internet receive much of the attention regarding diversion, the data reported in this paper suggest that there are numerous active street markets involving patients, Medicaid recipients and pharmacies as well.

Use of codeine analgesics in a general population

The users of buprenorphine and pentazocine differed in several aspects from the codeine users, and the highest use of combined codeine preparations was seen in elderly people especially in women.



Relative abuse of diazepam and oxazepam: prescription forgeries and theft/loss reports in Sweden.

Continuous recording of drug prescribing in Sweden 1974–1983. Methods and examples of utilization of data

  • A. Wessling
  • Medicine, Political Science
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
  • 2004
The recording of prescriptions as described is useful for early identification of new patterns of drug use and for mapping drug utilization and drug dosages in different age groups, and is particularly powerful as a complement to other methods for recording drug use in Sweden.

Measurement of drug utilization in Sweden: methodological and clinical implications.

The available sources of information on drug utilization in the Swedish population at large are reviewed and the DDD methodology may serve as a therapeutic audit in attempts to follow and influence therapeutic habits of health personnel in hospitals and primary health care.


  • Medicine
    The Lancet
  • 1981

Relative abuse liability of diazepam and oxazepam: Behavioral and subjective dose effects

It is suggested that diazepam may have a higher abuse liability than oxazepam, because of its role in producing ‘liking’ and the high potential for abuse in people with histories of drug abuse.


Health, Education, and Welfare.

Epidemiologisk uppf61jning av lfikemedelsmissbruk. (Epidemiological surveillance of drug abuse) Sv L~ikarestillskapets Handlingar, Hygiea

  • 1986