Use of opioids for pain and anesthetic management in horses.

@article{Bennett2002UseOO,
  title={Use of opioids for pain and anesthetic management in horses.},
  author={Rachel C Bennett and Eugene P. Steffey},
  journal={The Veterinary clinics of North America. Equine practice},
  year={2002},
  volume={18 1},
  pages={
          47-60
        }
}
REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION: There is limited, but convincing, evidence that epidural administration of morphine and some other mu-agonist opioids consistently relieves regional pain in horses. In addition, this effect is not accompanied by notable undesirable effects. On the other hand, a clinically important analgesic action has not been demonstrated for similarly administered kappa-agonist opioids. There has been little objective data presented to support the analgesic effectiveness of intra… CONTINUE READING

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