Use of halothane to maintain anesthesia induced with etorphine in juvenile African elephants.


Sixteen 3- to 5-year-old African elephants were anesthetized one or more times for a total of 27 diagnostic and surgical procedures. Xylazine (0.1 +/- 0.04 mg/kg of body weight, mean +/- SD) and ketamine (0.6 +/- 0.13 mg/kg) administered IM induced good chemical restraint in standing juvenile elephants during a 45-minute transport period before… (More)