Use of force in minority communities is related to police education, age, experience, and ethnicity

@article{Chapman2012UseOF,
  title={Use of force in minority communities is related to police education, age, experience, and ethnicity},
  author={Christopher Chapman},
  journal={Police Practice and Research},
  year={2012},
  volume={13},
  pages={421 - 436}
}
  • C. Chapman
  • Published 2012
  • Medicine
  • Police Practice and Research
Some experts argue that better-educated police may use less force, but research has been equivocal. In three mainly-minority US cities, 511 officers reported their use of force, acceptance of others’ force use, age, experience, ethnicity, and education. Among patrol officers only, education predicted less frequent force and lower levels of force use. Across all duties, including patrol officers, detectives and other, younger officers used more force, but with age controlled, more experienced… Expand
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