Use of ethylenediurea (EDU) to ameliorate ozone effects on purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea).


Purple coneflower plants (Echinacea purpurea) were placed into open-top chambers (OTCs) for 6 and 12 weeks in 2003 and 2004, respectively, and exposed to charcoal-filtered air (CF) or twice-ambient (2x) ozone (O3) in 2003, and to CF, 2x or non-filtered (NF), ambient air in 2004. Plants were treated with ethylenediurea (EDU) weekly as a foliar spray. Foliar symptoms were observed in >95% of the plants in 2x-treated OTCs in both years. Above-ground biomass was not affected by 2x treatments in 2003, but root and total-plant biomass decreased in 2004. As a result of higher concentrations of select cell wall constituents (% ADF, NDF and lignin) nutritive quality was lower for plants exposed to 2x-O3 in 2003 and 2004 (26% and 17%, respectively). Significant EDU x O3 interactions for concentrations of cell wall constituents in 2003 indicated that EDU ameliorated O3 effects on nutritive quality. Interactions observed in 2004 were inconsistent.

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@article{Szantoi2007UseOE, title={Use of ethylenediurea (EDU) to ameliorate ozone effects on purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea).}, author={Zoltan Szantoi and Arthur H. Chappelka and Russell Brian Muntifering and Greg L. Somers}, journal={Environmental pollution}, year={2007}, volume={150 2}, pages={200-8} }