Use of color Doppler echocardiography to assess the development of valvular regurgitation in Standardbred trotters.


OBJECTIVE To evaluate the incidence and development of valvular regurgitation and its effect on racing performance in Standardbred trotters from 2 to 3.5 years of age. DESIGN Longitudinal observational study. ANIMALS 103 horses. PROCEDURE Horses were examined via echocardiographic imaging 4 times at 6-month intervals. Two-dimensional and M-mode… (More)


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