Use of antibacterial agents in Italian hospitals: a 2004 to 2011 drug utilization survey in the Emilia-Romagna region.

Abstract

To assess 8-year antibiotic consumption and expenditure in all of the hospitals of Emilia Romagna. The analysis was based on the pharmacy records of each hospital. Antibiotic drug consumption was expressed as DDDs per 100 bed-days used (BDU) and data were analyzed according to ATC classification and to single wards. Expenditure was expressed as Euros per 100 BDU. In the 8-years considered, overall consumption increased by 27% and expenditure by only 3%. Consumption was higher in surgical wards than in medical ones. Penicillins and β-lactamase inhibitors ranked first, followed by fluoroquinolones and third generation cephalosporins. The results of the study strongly suggest that antibiotic use could be improved by educational interventions to improve clinical practice in hospitals, assessments of guidelines and monitoring of the outcomes of the interventions are needed.

DOI: 10.1586/14787210.2014.884459

Cite this paper

@article{Buccellato2014UseOA, title={Use of antibacterial agents in Italian hospitals: a 2004 to 2011 drug utilization survey in the Emilia-Romagna region.}, author={Elena Buccellato and Chiara Biagi and Mauro Melis and Rosalia Lategana and Domenico Motola and Alberto Vaccheri}, journal={Expert review of anti-infective therapy}, year={2014}, volume={12 3}, pages={383-92} }