Use of an orbital epidural catheter to control pain after orbital implant surgery.

@article{Fezza1999UseOA,
  title={Use of an orbital epidural catheter to control pain after orbital implant surgery.},
  author={John P Fezza and Kimberly A Klippenstein and Ralph E Wesley},
  journal={Archives of ophthalmology},
  year={1999},
  volume={117 6},
  pages={784-8}
}
BACKGROUND The surgical placement of orbital implants for eviscerations, enucleations, and secondary implantations can cause severe postoperative pain that may not be relieved with high doses of narcotics. We analyzed the effectiveness of a method for postoperative pain control in orbital implant surgery using an orbital epidural pain catheter connected to a patient-controlled analgesia bupivacaine hydrochloride pump. METHODS One hundred nineteen patients undergoing orbital hydroxyapatite… CONTINUE READING

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