Use of a club by a wild white‐faced capuchin (Cebus capucinus) to attack a venomous snake (Bothrops asper)

  title={Use of a club by a wild white‐faced capuchin (Cebus capucinus) to attack a venomous snake (Bothrops asper)},
  author={Sue Boinski},
  journal={American Journal of Primatology},
  • S. Boinski
  • Published 1988
  • Biology
  • American Journal of Primatology
In Parque Nacional Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica, an adult male Cebus capucinus was observed repeatedly hitting a venomous snake (Bothropsasper) with a branch. Initially a large dead branch overhanging the snake had been broken off in the course of aggressive displays to the snake by the adult and two subadult males. The snake's escape was apparently prevented by the weight of the fallen branch and possibly by the injuries caused by its fall. This is the first direct observation of a capuchin… 
A green racer snake (Philodryas nattereri, Colubridae) killed but not eaten by a blonde capuchin monkey (Sapajus flavius, Cebidae)
This single event suggests that this Cebidae species may be able to distinguish dangerous from harmless snakes, and it also may be an example of a lethally violent reaction to a potential predator or competitor, exemplifying the plasticity and cognitive skills exhibited by genus Sapajus.
Natural history of the terciopelo Bothrops asper (Serpentes: Viperidae) in Costa Rica.
  • M. Sasa, D. Wasko, W. Lamar
  • Environmental Science
    Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology
  • 2009
Female Bearded Capuchin Monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus) Use Objects to Solicit the Sexual Partner
It is concluded that throwing or pounding stones and pushing or dropping branches by females in SCNP and FBV in the sexual context have a clear affiliative meaning (to attract the male’s attention).
Food or threat? Wild capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus) as both predators and prey of snakes
The tested hypothesis that S. libidinosus are capable of differentiating snakes by level of danger is supported: on the one hand they protect themselves from dangerous snakes, on the other hand they take opportunities to prey on non-dangerous snakes.
Predation on the common marmoset Callithrix jacchus (Primates, Callitrichidae) by the common boa Boa constrictor (Squamata, Boidae) in the Atlantic Forest of Northeastern Brazil
The first record of predation on the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) by a common boa (Boa constrictor) is presented in a restinga environment of the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil.
Spontaneous Use of Tools by Wedge-Capped Capuchin Monkeys (Cebus olivaceus)
The use of tools by New World primates has only been observed in capuchin monkeys, genus Cebus, mainly by Cebus apella in captivity, but 3 cases of tool use by C. olivaceus in captivity are reported.
Tool use in wild capuchin monkeys (Cebus albifrons trinitatis)
White‐fronted capuchins were observed to use leaves as cups to retrieve water from tree cavities, and engage in habitual tool use, as defined by McGrew's classificatory scheme of tool using behavior.
Red-tailed monkeys (Cercopithecus ascanius) prey upon and mob birds in the Issa Valley, western Tanzania
Two encounters between birds and red-tailed monkeys in a woodland-mosaic habitat in western Tanzania are recorded, suggesting that guenons may generalize large-bodied avians as threats and small-bodied birds as potential prey.
Semifree-ranging Tufted Capuchins (Cebus apella) Spontaneously Use Tools to Crack Open Nuts
A role for observational learning is suggested, even if restricted to stimulus enhancement, in a group of semifree-ranging capuchins living in a reforested area (Tietê Ecological Park, São Paulo, Brazil).
Variation in substrate use by white-faced capuchins
We examined substrate use by a group of white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus) during the dry season in the seasonally dry forest at Palo Verde National Park, Costa Rica. The group's most common


Palm-Nut Smashing by Cebus a. apella in Colombia
Three cases are described of Cebus a. apella smashing the palm-nut of Astrocaryum chambira Burret in La Macarena National Park, Colombia. It is assumed that the monkeys were attempting to obtain food
Fear of snakes in wild- and laboratory-reared rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta)
Fear was indexed by unwillingness to approach food on the far side of the snake and by behavioral disturbance, and the results are discussed in the context of dissociation between different indices of fear.
Note on a Cebus Monkey's Use of a Stick as a Weapon
The use of instruments as weapons by subhuman primates has frequently been reported by naruralists without scientific backgrounds, and Cebus Red was subsequently tested for tool behavior, and his excellent laboratory performances have be reported by Harlow (1951).
The manufacture and use of tools by capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella).
The manufacture and use of tools in captive groups of tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) are described, providing further evidence that capuchins possess extensive manipulative propensities and emphasize the significance of the normal social environment in the full expression of these propensity.
Effects of manipulatable objects on the activity of captive capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)
It is concluded that providing straw and portable objects in an already well equipped cage is an effective means of long-term behavioral enrichment for captive capuchin monkeys.
Tool-Using Performances as Indicators of Behavioral Adaptability
  • K. Hall
  • Psychology, Biology
    Current Anthropology
  • 1963
Certain performances by nonprimate animals indicate that tool-using of a very effective, though presumably restricted, kind can evolve in animals having a narrow habitat range, and in whom, therefore, other significant aspects of adaptability may be missing.